The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a massif in the Tien-Shan, in the Kirghiz SSR. The Akshiirak runs south-southwest to north-northeast, forming the watershed between the upper reaches of the Naryn River and the rivers of the Sarydzhaz basin (the Uchkel’ and others).

The Akshiirak massif consists of three echelon-type parallel ranges, with sublatitudinal strike. The greatest altitude of the massif is 5,126 m; its length is about 50 km. The rocks of the strata are metamorphic shales, limestones, and granites. The Akshiirak is an important glaciation center of the Tien-Shan. The glaciated area covers 439 sq km. The largest of the 59 glaciers is the Petrov; this is the source of the Naryn River. Alpine topography predominates (subniveous and glacioniveous).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.