Aksu(redirected from Akshu)
Aksu,city (1994 est. pop. 193,700), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, on the Aksu River. The center of an oasis at the foot of the Tian Shan mts., it is a caravan hub on the Old Silk Road. Industries include textile and carpet manufacturing, jade carving, tanning, and metalworking. Iron deposits are in the area. Aksu has ancient Buddhist statues and caves, but most are in poor condition. The name sometimes appears as A-k'o-su.
an urban-type settlement in the Alekseevskii Raion of Tselinograd Oblast, Kazakh SSR. Aksu has a railroad station on a branch of the Tselinograd-Pavlodar line. Its population was 19,400 in 1968. Economic activities include gold mining and an auto-repair factory.
a mountain balneologic resort in Kirghiz SSR, 15 km southeast of Przhevalsk, at an elevation of 1,950 m above sea level. The summers are moderately warm (average July temperature, 16°C); the winters are mild (average January temperature, -5°C), sunny and dry. Annual precipitation is about 600 mm. The waters are of medical value; they are thermal (32–57°C), weakly mineralized, slightly radioactive (up to 7.28 x 10−9 curies per liter, or up to 20 maché units), siliceous, and aerated by nitrogen with an admixture of rare gases. There is a sanatorium for children suffering from the effects of poliomyelitis. The baths are open the year-round.
(Turkic,“white water”), a river in the Taldy-Kurgan Oblast of Kazakh SSR. The Aksu is 316 km long, and its basin has an area of 5,040 sq km. It rises from the glaciers of the Dzhungarskii-Alatau Range. In its lower reaches it flows through a desert and has no tributaries, but there are several branches which flow into Lake Balkhash in one common channel. The Aksu is fed by snow and ice, and its waters are at their highest from May to August. The Aksu is widely used for irrigation.