While this was happening, the Abyssinian Aksumite
Christian kingdom was losing its strength and started declining (3).
churches preserve what seem to be the characteristics of the first churches in Ethiopia.
Great monolithic steles and an alphabet left by the Aksumite
era attest to this great period.
This, for example, might have helped my own study of the pottery from Aksumite
Adulis across the Red Sea in Eritrea.
Unfortunately, little is known about them -- how or why they were constructed, the rituals associated with them, how they relate to the adjacent tombs, or Aksumite
life in general.
It was part of the Aksumite
empire, which dates from around the first century AD.
In particular, he blames the "hegemonic weight of the Aksumite
and Orientalist Semiticist paradigms" for creating an Ethiopian history that is largely dynastic, clerical, and elitist.
This study of the establishment of Christianity in the Aksumite
kingdom of Ethiopia, which was accepted in 1993 by the Catholic Theological Faculty of the University of Bonn as an inaugural dissertation, is an expanded version of the article which appeared in Reallexicon fur Antike und Christentum, Suppl.
The traditional account is that they were created during the King's reign (1181-1221) in a period of religious revival following a shift of power southwards after the decline of the Aksumite
Empire in around the 8th century.
Aksum invaded South Arabia several times during late antiquity, the invasions of 518 and 525 in the reign of the Aksumite
king Kaleb being the main focus of this dissertation.
George Hatke's forthcoming Princeton dissertation, "Africans in Arabia Felix: Aksumite
Relations with South Arabia, 300-600," argues forcefully for the primary role of Syrian rather than Axumite Christianity in the Christianization of South Arabia.
This title publishes the results of the 2004-2005 Eritro-British Expedition to the port at Adulis, which was a major port of the Roman period and played a pivotal role in the Aksumite
trade from the fourth to seventh centuries CE.