There were also similarities in clashes in the 11th century at Akyab
between Chinese and Eastern Ghat sailors and Admiral Cheng Ho's (a Muslim) cleanup of the South China Sea of pirates in the late 14th and early 15th centuries, then peopled and ruled by descendants of migrants from the Eastern and Western Ghats (of present India) during the 1st to the 5th century AD.
After landing at Akyab
, when I came out of the helicopter I was met by an armed Burmese soldier who enquired in Urdu if I was a Pakistani and a Muslim; when I replied in the affirmative he greeted me with an "Assalam-o-Alaikum" and smilingly informed me that he also was a Muslim and his name was Mustafa Kamal.
The ordeal faced by Arakan's Muslims was exacerbated when 10 Muslims traveling from Akyab
to Maungdav were slaughtered by Buddhist fanatics on June 3, 2012.
The foreign media has reported that China is helping Myanmar build modern naval bases in Hangyi, Coco, Zadetkyi, Akyab
, Mergui and Kyaukryu to enhance China's capability to wage submarine warfare.
(75) Aitchison was sufficiently concerned by these reports of opium use in Burma, and in particular by a petition presented to him by a number of influential residents of Akyab
town in Arakan to write a memorandum to the governor general of India asking for increased restrictions on opium sales in Burma.
Eventually they were picked up by American troops and taken to Chittagong, Bangladesh, before they boarded a plane to travel to the island of Akyab
The first involved the descriptions of the early fighting- the actions against the British tanks and the description of a Zero/Hurricane encounter over Akyab
by a 64th Fighter Squadron pilot.
To erase the Rohingya history, the names of historical landmarks were changed: Arakan was named the Rakhine state, and its capital city Akyab
changed to Sittwe.
The increase in Muslim population is reflected in the British census of 1871 which reported 58,255 Muslims in Akyab
District and by 1911 this population had increased to 178,647.
(15) Chinese ambition is further evident in the Indian Ocean helping Myanmar to modernize its naval bases at Hanggyi, the Cocos Islands, Akyab
and Mergui (Kuppuswamy 2004).
Smart in his report (Burma Gazetteer Akyab
District Volume A, Rangoon, Superintendent, Government Printing, Burma, 1917, p 84) wrote, "When Arakan was first ceded it wasfound to be depopulated but immigrants soon flocked in, composed mainly of persons who had been driven out by the Burmese or who escaped during the war and who came back to their homes from Chittagong and other neighboring districts,and as the country became more settled the immigration increased." Arakan was ceded by the Burmese to the British in 1826 when the Burmese was defeated in the First Anglo-Burma War, 1824-1826.
Not only is China a key weapons supplier to the junta and indifferent to political repression in Myanmar, it is seeking to link Myanmar's Akyab
port to Ruili in China's southwest Yunnan province as a corridor for mainly oil shipped from the Middle East (Straits Times, 2004).