Al Aswany, Alaa

Al Aswany, Alaa,

1957–, Egyptian author, b. Cairo. The son of a novelist-lawyer, he was trained as a dentist at Cairo Univ. (grad. 1980) and the Univ. of Illinois at Chicago (M.S., 1987) and has combined an active dental practice with a successful literary career. Al Aswany came to world attention with the publication of his novel The Yacoubian Building (2002, tr. 2006), which, in bluntly simple language, depicts contemporary Egypt through the stories of residents of one Cairo building, portraying severe class inequities, the corruption and hypocrisy of the rich and powerful, pervasive repression and violence, and the excesses of Islamic fundamentalism. Al Aswany's next book, Chicago (2007, tr. 2008), is a campus novel of clashing Egyptian and American cultures set in the post-9/11 era. He also has penned numerous short stories, some of which (and a novella) are translated in Friendly Fire: Ten Tales of Today's Cairo (2009). Since 1993 Al Aswany has written a monthly newspaper column on political and social issues. On the left politically, he was an outspoken critic of President MubarakMubarak, Muhammad Hosni
, 1928–, president of Egypt (1981–2011). Air force commander (1972–75) and vice president (1975–81) of Egypt, he became president after Anwar al-Sadat was assassinated on Oct. 6, 1981.
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, was a spokesman for the protest movement that brought him down in 2011, and has criticized President SisiSisi or Sissi, Abdul Fattah El-
, 1954–, Egyptian military officer and government official, b. Cairo, grad. Egyptian Military Academy (1977), U.S. Army War College (M.A., 2006).
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's government as well. His novel The Republic, As If (2018) was attacked by Egyptian lawmakers, and it and his columns for German public broadcasting led to a lawsuit in Egypt's military courts.