Hatra

(redirected from Al Hadher)

Hatra

Hatra (hăˈtrə), Arab. Al Hadr, ancient city and fortress, in modern-day Iraq, 68 mi (110 km) SW of Mosul. It flourished from the 1st cent. B.C. to the 2nd cent. A.D. under the Parthian Empire (see Parthia), when it was a fortified religious and trading center. The city is noted for its many temples, dedicated to dieties of several ancient religious traditions; the largest is the Great Temple. Hatra resisted several Roman attempts to conquer it, but fell in A.D. 241 to Shapur I, Sassanid king of Persia, and was destroyed. Excavated during the 20th cent., its ruins constituted some of the most significant stone monuments of Iraq, but in the 2015–16 the Islamist extremist group Islamic State destroyed statues and looted the site.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hatra

 

a Parthian city, presently in ruins, in northern Iraq, near the village of al-Hadr. Hatra was founded before the Common Era. It flourished in the first and second centuries A.D. and was destroyed in 257. The city was built to a nearly oval plan and covered an area of approximately 320 hectares. There are remains of triple stone and mud-brick city walls with four gates, a stone palace-temple complex, dwellings, and burial structures. Round-shaped sculptures, reliefs, and other objects have been found there.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Younis al Hadher, another prisoner in Bahrain, is also being denied medical treatment, despite his deteriorating health condition.