Jazira

(redirected from Al Jazirah)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jazira

 

a plateau in Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and northern Mesopotamia. On the north and east it is bounded by the spurs of the Taurus and Zagros mountains, on the west and southwest it passes smoothly into the plateau of the Syrian Desert and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the southeast it is separated by a scarp from the low-lying southern part of Mesopotamia. Jazira is a plain rising from 200 m to 450 m from the southeast to the northwest. Individual mountain ridges reach an elevation of 1,463 m (Mount Shelmira in the Sinjar massif). The plain is crisscrossed by the terraced valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and their tributaries and by dry river beds called wadis. Jazira is composed of Cretaceous and Miocene sandstones and limestones and of alluviums and basalt fields. In the north (in Iraq) there are large oil deposits (Kirkuk and others). The climate is subtropical Mediterranean, with hot, very dry summers and warm, humid winters. The landscape consists of desert in the south and semidesert with ephemeral meadow grass and wormwood vegetation on the submountain plains in the north. The mountain slopes have sparse pistachio thickets. There are oases and remains of floodland forests of poplar, willow, and tamarisk along the river valleys.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 8th Annual Ras Al Khaimah Fine Arts Festival The 8th edition of the Ras Al Khaimah Fine Arts Festival (RAKFAF), which is returning to the recently restored historic village of Al Jazirah Al Hamra Old Town, celebrates the evolving arts scene in the emirate and champions local artistic talent.
Heavy rain was recorded over Emirates Road and Al Awir in Dubai while moderate rain lashed Shaikh Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Road, over Al Jazirah Al Hamra in Ras Al Khaimah, and Al Mirfa in Al Dhafrah.
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Later in 2012, with the environment close to his heart, Prince Faisal founded Saker Al Jazirah (SAJ), a Saudi Arabian company focused on recycling, waste management and environmental services within the Kingdom.
The U-turns specified in the list include Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Street opposite to Emirates Club; two U-turns, one along Sheikh Mohammed Bin Salem Street in Rifa'a near Al Jazirah Al Hamra opposite Mina Al Arab and the other near the Adnoc petrol station in Jazirah Al Hamra; and two U-turns near the Ras Al Khaimah Poultry and Feeding Company.
Al Jazirah newspaper said in its editorial that the visit being paid by Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, Second Deputy Premier and Defense Minister, to China, has come to reaffirm the position of the Kingdom among other countries due to its regional and international role to serve peace and stability in the world, as an important country actively contributes to the fight against terrorism and cooperation with other countries in enhancing this strategy that goes beyond bilateral relations to include relations with all countries of the world.
The committee also approved the construction of several roads for housing complexes at a total cost of more than Dhs142.5 million and 16 houses in Al Tawyeen area in Fujairah at a total cost of more than Dhs15.3 million, as well as the supply of engineering consultancy services for road construction in Al Refaa area and Al Jazirah Al Hamra in Ras Al Khaimah at a total cost of Dhs2.3 million.
The Bank's new presence at the Al Jazirah Football Club Stadium aims to complement RAKBANK's existing branch network and to increases the Bank's visibility in the capital.
11 January 2010 - US medical device maker Misonix Inc (NASDAQ: MSON) said on Friday it has inked a three-year distribution agreement with Saudi Arabian Thimar Al Jazirah Health Care for the distribution of the SonaStar Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator and the BoneScalpel Ultrasonic Bone Cutter.
Companies from Thailand, India, Saudi Arabia, Croatia, the UK, Lebanon and the UAE, as well as supermarket chains in Bahrain such as Lulu Hypermarket, Al Jazirah and Alosra supermarket and several five-star hotels will also take part.