Kuwait City

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kuwait City


(also al-Kuwayt), the capital of Kuwait. Located on the southern shore of Kuwait Bay, an inlet of the Persian Gulf. Population, approximately 750,000 (1977, including suburbs). The climate is dry and tropical, with an average January temperature of 11°C and an average July temperature of 34°C. Precipitation totals less than 100 mm annually.

Kuwait City is the main trade, transportation, and distribution center of the country. It is a port, primarily for imports. The city is connected by highway with Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and other countries, and it also has an airport. Industry includes food processing, the manufacture of building materials, water distilling, and the assembly of automobiles, refrigerators, and televisions.

The first mention of Kuwait City in historical sources dates from the early 18th century. The city was the center of the sheikhdom of Kuwait, which became part of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century and a British protectorate in 1899. Since 1961 it has been the capital of the independent State of Kuwait.

The old city was once crowded with flat-roofed mud-brick houses. It was enclosed by a pisé wall (since destroyed) and contained more than 40 mosques. The city has been rebuilt in accordance with a plan drawn up in 1957 by an architectural team headed by Minoprio and consists mainly of modern buildings. The main network of streets is laid out radially. Small neighborhood districts with community centers, schools, and stores are taking shape around the city, which has zones designated for industry (in the western suburb of Shuwaikh), schools, and health facilities (along the coastal road to the city of al-Jahrah).

Educational institutions in Kuwait City include Kuwait University (founded 1962, inaugurated 1966), with 4,000 students as of the 1975–76 academic year; the Kuwait Central Library (95,000 volumes in 1975); the Kuwait University Libraries (210,000 volumes); the Kuwait Museum, which includes ethnographic and archaeological collections; and the Science and Natural History Museum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abdul Rahman Bin Mohammad Al Owais, minister of health and prevention, said: "The Al Kuwait Hospital reflects the story of the development of an entire society and connects memories of the past with the present towards the exploration of a good health care future, which the country's leadership set as a priority within the National Agenda 2021."
Zakaat House, a non-governmental organization in Kuwait, accepted the CIOG's proposal to fund the "Masjid al Kuwait." The project includes the modernization and expansion of the present mosque, addition of a library, a female prayer hall, an auditorium, four guest rooms, a kitchen and dining facilities, according to the CIOG.
Upon the finish of the decisive match between Erbil soccer club and rival Al Kuwait in the AFC Cup quarterfinals, Kurdish team fans accused club officials of being responsible for the loss.
The project, which is part of a master project for improvement of traffic at Al Shindagha hub, is situated at the crossing of Shaikh Rashid Road [in the direction of Al Shindagha to the north), and Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Road (in the direction of the intersection of Al Kuwait Road and Khalifa Bin Zayed Road]," explained Al Tayer.
The project, which is part of a master project for improvement of traffic at Al Shandagha hub, is situated at the crossing of Shaikh Rashid Road (in the direction of Al Shandagha to the north), and Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed road (in the direction of the intersection of Al Kuwait Road & Khalifa bin Zayed Road)," explained Al Tayer.
KUWAIT, Oct 8 (KUNA) -- South Korea defeated Kuwait 1-0 in the fourth round of Group 7 of World and Asian Cup qualifiers late Thursday at Al Kuwait Sports Club Stadium in Kuwait City.
Al Rayyan had a remote chance of making the last four but that vanished with Al Kuwait beating Al Ittihad 69-58 in yesterday's late match.
Armenian Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan received a delegation headed by Governor of Al Kuwait Sheikh Ali Al-
His previous duty stations include Naval Air Warfare Center, Aircraft Division, Patuxent River, Md.; Navy Supply Information Systems Activity, Mechanicsburg, Pa.; Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington, D.C.; USS Wasp (LHD 1); Office of Military Cooperation Kuwait, Al Kuwait; Supervisor of Shipbuilding, Conversion and Repair, Jacksonville, Fla.; USS Mcinerney (FFG 8); Fleet Material Support Office, Washington, D.C.
Previously, Tunisia's Esperance ST have qualified for the semi-finals after defeating Yemen's Khaybel 3-0 (29-27, 25-17, 25-16), defending champions Qatar's Al Rayyan eliminated Al Kuwait 3-1 (25-22, 29-31, 25-12 and 25-21) and Qatar's Police knocked out Libya's Asswehly 3-0 (25-22, 25- 20 and 25-18).
The workers who were injured were treated at Al Kuwait and Al Qassimi hospitals and were discharged.