a city in southern Iraq, on the right bank of the Euphrates, in the muhafaza (province) of Muthanna. Population, 33,500 (1965). Al-Samawah has a railroad station. The city is a trade center for the surrounding agricultural region, where wheat, barley, and, on the irrigated lands, rice and cotton are grown and animals are raised. Al-Samawah also has a cement plant.