Al-Aqsa Mosque

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Located in Jerusalem, the Al-Aqsa Mosque sits on land that is associated with miracles involving both Muhammad and Abraham. It is therefore regarded as holy land to both Muslims and Jews.AFP/Getty Images.

Al-Aqsa Mosque (Jerusalem)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Al-Aqsa Mosque is the most holy site for Muslims in Jerusalem and one of the most holy of places for all Islam. Its origin relates to a famous supernatural event in Muhammad’s life, the so-called Night Journey or Al-Isra wa Al-Miraj. One evening he was visited by the angel Gabriel (from whom he was receiving the Qur’an). He led Muhammad to a spirit horse (buraq), which carried him to Jerusalem. Here he met, among others, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. In their presence, he offered a prayer to Allah.

While in the city, he had three dishes placed in front of him that contained, respectively, water, wine, and milk. Muhammad refused the water, knowing that if he chose it the Muslims would drown, and he declined the wine as it would mean Islam would leave the true path. He instead chose the milk, indicating the Muslim community would follow Allah’s true religion. Gabriel confirmed his choice. Muhammad next visited heaven, where he met and talked with Allah before returning to Mecca.

The meeting with the prophets, the prayer, and the drinking of milk are all believed to have occurred on Temple Mount in Jerusalem at the spot currently occupied by the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Muhammad’s presence in this place is further confirmed by the hoof print his horse left in a rock as it lifted Muhammad to heaven. Additionally, some believe the rock attempted to go to heaven with Muhammad and was pushed back into place by Gabriel, who left a handprint in it.

Following the capture of Jerusalem by the Caliph Omar in 638 CE, attention was immediately focused on the Temple Mount. The first spot marked by a building was the rock from which Muhammad was believed to have been lifted to heaven. That same rock, in the center of what is known as the Dome of the Rock, is also believed to be the axis of the world, the spot from which creation began and at which the final trumpet, ending history as we know it, will sound.

The original building on the site where Muhammad offered prayer was completed by Omar soon after the Dome of the Rock was dedicated. It was then rebuilt in the eighth century by the Caliph El-Walid.

Muslim presence in Jerusalem grew slowly, and in the eleventh century the Muslim rulers decided to Islamize the city by pushing the Christians out. In the process, a number of Christian churches were destroyed. Christian crusaders took thecity in 1099, and those Muslims who survived the attacks were sold into slavery. Muslims were largely denied access to the Temple Mount until 1187, when Saladin (1138–1193) retook the city. Jerusalem then remained in Muslim hands (except for a few years in the thirteenth century) until 1917, when the British took control.

The Temple Mount is now surrounded by a wall that predates Muslim presence in the city but essentially marks its most sacred area. This area of the city is off-limits to non-Muslims on Fridays and major Muslim holidays. The major conflict is with Jewish believers who believe the rock in the center of the Dome of the Rock is the place where Abraham bound Isaac and prepared to sacrifice him (Genesis 22). The major Christian sites are close by, but outside the wall.


Cragg, Kenneth. The Dome and the Rock, Jerusalem Studies in Islam. London: SPCK, 1964.
Graber, Oleg. The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Landay, Jerry M., and the Editors of the Newsweek Book Division. The Dome of the Rock. New York: Newsweek, 1976.
Peters, F. E. Jerusalem and Mecca: The Typology of the Holy City in the Near East. New York: New York University Press, 1986.
The Encyclopedia of Religious Phenomena © 2008 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Occupied Jerusalem: July 15 -- (BNA)-- Palestinian worshippers pushed Israeli settlers out of the holy Al-Aqsa Mosque today (Monday: July 15, 2013) who stormed into the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque in successive droves unprecedentedly escorted by Israeli occupation special police unit forces.
Ramallah, May 19 (Petra)- The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and the Palestinian territories, the preacher of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, Sheikh Mohammed Hussein, condemned the attempt by the Israeli occupation police to break into Al-Aqsa Mosque old compound to chase worshipers, which reflects belligerence and transgression on the Al Aqsa Mosque's sanctity and worshippers.
180,000 Palestinians perform first Friday prayers in Al-Aqsa Mosque RAMALLAH, May 10 (KUNA) -- Tens of thousands of Palestinians attended the first Friday prayers of Ramadan in Al-Aqsa Mosque.
17 (Saba) - Israeli occupying forces, special forces and occupation forces stormed Al-Aqsa Mosque on the Maghrib Gate on Thursday morning and raided the Marwani Mosque and Dome of the Rock Mosque.
JERUSALEM, September 22, 2018 (WAFA) -- Israeli police ordered several Palestinian residents of occupied East Jerusalem to stay away from Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Old City for weeks and months at a time, according to reports.
Jerusalem /PNN/ Israeli police have begun placing new cameras at the Council Gate of Al-Aqsa Mosque to monitor Palestinians' entry and exit, .
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi condemned Israel's move to close al-Aqsa Mosque, calling on the international community to exert pressure on the regime to observe the "most basic rights" of the Palestinian people.
Occupied Jerusalem: July 14 -- (BNA)-- Tens of Israeli settlers this morning stormed into the courtyards of the holy Al-Aqsa Mosque from Bab Al-Magahriba, escorted by special police units amidst anger and heightened tension on the part of worshippers and workers at the holy Al-Aqsa Mosque.
"Such irresponsible acts are a provocation to the feelings of millions of Muslims around the world, and exemplify the condemned and reprehensible Israeli policies aimed at changing the historical status quo in the Al-Aqsa Mosque," the ministry's spokesperson, Sufian Qudah, said in a statement on Thursday.
Prayers at Al-Aqsa Mosque RAMALLAH, The West bank, March 8 (KUNA) -- Despite intensive security procedures by Israeli occupation forces, thousands of Palestinians attended Friday prayers at Al-Aqsa mosque.
17 (Saba) - The Israeli authorities have warned of the repercussions of the plans to change the historical and legal status of the city and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Islamic organizations (the Council of Awqaf, Islamic Affairs and Holy Sites, the The Jerusalem Islamic Waqf , the Palestinian Fatwa House and the Supreme Islamic Committee) said in a joint statement that the occupation authorities "exploited the Arab and Islamic regional situation and resorted to the American decision to change the historical and legal situation in Jerusalem and the mosque Aqsa Mosque.
JERUSALEM, July 30, 2018 (WAFA) -- The Israeli police Monday informed two Palestinian women from occupied Jerusalem that they cannot enter Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem's Old City for two consecutive weeks.