Al-Aqsa Mosque

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Located in Jerusalem, the Al-Aqsa Mosque sits on land that is associated with miracles involving both Muhammad and Abraham. It is therefore regarded as holy land to both Muslims and Jews.AFP/Getty Images.

Al-Aqsa Mosque (Jerusalem)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Al-Aqsa Mosque is the most holy site for Muslims in Jerusalem and one of the most holy of places for all Islam. Its origin relates to a famous supernatural event in Muhammad’s life, the so-called Night Journey or Al-Isra wa Al-Miraj. One evening he was visited by the angel Gabriel (from whom he was receiving the Qur’an). He led Muhammad to a spirit horse (buraq), which carried him to Jerusalem. Here he met, among others, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. In their presence, he offered a prayer to Allah.

While in the city, he had three dishes placed in front of him that contained, respectively, water, wine, and milk. Muhammad refused the water, knowing that if he chose it the Muslims would drown, and he declined the wine as it would mean Islam would leave the true path. He instead chose the milk, indicating the Muslim community would follow Allah’s true religion. Gabriel confirmed his choice. Muhammad next visited heaven, where he met and talked with Allah before returning to Mecca.

The meeting with the prophets, the prayer, and the drinking of milk are all believed to have occurred on Temple Mount in Jerusalem at the spot currently occupied by the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Muhammad’s presence in this place is further confirmed by the hoof print his horse left in a rock as it lifted Muhammad to heaven. Additionally, some believe the rock attempted to go to heaven with Muhammad and was pushed back into place by Gabriel, who left a handprint in it.

Following the capture of Jerusalem by the Caliph Omar in 638 CE, attention was immediately focused on the Temple Mount. The first spot marked by a building was the rock from which Muhammad was believed to have been lifted to heaven. That same rock, in the center of what is known as the Dome of the Rock, is also believed to be the axis of the world, the spot from which creation began and at which the final trumpet, ending history as we know it, will sound.

The original building on the site where Muhammad offered prayer was completed by Omar soon after the Dome of the Rock was dedicated. It was then rebuilt in the eighth century by the Caliph El-Walid.

Muslim presence in Jerusalem grew slowly, and in the eleventh century the Muslim rulers decided to Islamize the city by pushing the Christians out. In the process, a number of Christian churches were destroyed. Christian crusaders took thecity in 1099, and those Muslims who survived the attacks were sold into slavery. Muslims were largely denied access to the Temple Mount until 1187, when Saladin (1138–1193) retook the city. Jerusalem then remained in Muslim hands (except for a few years in the thirteenth century) until 1917, when the British took control.

The Temple Mount is now surrounded by a wall that predates Muslim presence in the city but essentially marks its most sacred area. This area of the city is off-limits to non-Muslims on Fridays and major Muslim holidays. The major conflict is with Jewish believers who believe the rock in the center of the Dome of the Rock is the place where Abraham bound Isaac and prepared to sacrifice him (Genesis 22). The major Christian sites are close by, but outside the wall.


Cragg, Kenneth. The Dome and the Rock, Jerusalem Studies in Islam. London: SPCK, 1964.
Graber, Oleg. The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Landay, Jerry M., and the Editors of the Newsweek Book Division. The Dome of the Rock. New York: Newsweek, 1976.
Peters, F. E. Jerusalem and Mecca: The Typology of the Holy City in the Near East. New York: New York University Press, 1986.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ongoing digging works beneath Al-Aqsa mosque started 12 years ago against the Jews'allegations that "the foundation rock" of King Solomon exists underneath Al-Aqsa mosque, according to Safa news Agency.
Jerusalem /PNN/ Israeli police have begun placing new cameras at the Council Gate of Al-Aqsa Mosque to monitor Palestinians' entry and exit, .
Arab foreign ministers had strongly condemned the dangerous Israeli escalation in the occupied Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque as well as Al-Haram Al-Sharif during an emergency meeting held in Cairo on July 27.
JERUSALEM, July 31, 2017 (WAFA) -- Israeli security forces caused huge damage to historical documents at Al-Aqsa Mosque during the two weeks of crisis over the Muslim holy site, an official said on Monday.
Thousands of Palestinians of all ages have re-entered the compound of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem, after a week of tensions following Israeli measures of putting metal detectors on gates at the Muslim-administered Al-Aqsa mosque compound.
The Council of the Arab League, in its extraordinary session, has issued a statement strongly condemning Israel's dangerous escalation in the occupied city of Jerusalem and the Holy Mosque of Al-Aqsa, stressing its absolute rejection of Israel's attempt to impose new facts on the ground aimed at changing the existing historical and legal situation , in clear violation of its legal responsibilities as the occupying force, calling on it not to repeat closure of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in the future.
Administration to control the crisis in the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
He said the aggression in Al-Quds and against worshippers at Al-Aqsa Mosque proves Israeli intransigence in finding just solutions which will ensure a decent life for the Palestinian people, and tests the seriousness of the international community in curbing repeated Israeli aggression.
Jeddah, Dhu-AlQa'dah 1, 1438, Jul 24, 2017, SPA -- The final communique of the meeting of the Permanent Delegates' Committee of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member states held here today, to discuss recent Israeli escalation, in occupied Quds and the unprecedented violations by Israel of Al-Aqsa Mosque sanctity, through closure and the imposition of illegal measures, such as installation of surveillance cameras and electronic gates.
Palestinian political factions and organizations called Wednesday for day of rage throughout the occupied territories in support of Al-Aqsa Mosque and to protest recent Israeli measures there.
took control over the Al-Aqsa Mosque after the 1967 war, expanding their ambitious schemes to Judaise Jerusalem, demolish the Al-Aqsa Mosque and establish the alleged temple and by increasing their settlement expansion's activity surrounding the city of Jerusalem from all directions.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Palestinian Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas, called on the Palestinian masses to intensify protests in response to the Israeli crimes against occupied Jerusalem and al-Aqsa Mosque.