Her work on the Muslim mathematician Al-Battani
, played by actor Sultan Al-Baloushi, was also applauded.
She is surrounded by, clockwise from left, Tycho Brahe the star measurer, holding a compass to a celestial sphere; Claudius Ptolemy with, presumably, his great book the Almagest; al-Battani
(Albategnius) of Raqqa, Syria, mathematician and a refiner of Ptolemy's work during the golden age of Arabian science; and becrowned King Alfonso the Wise of 13thcentury Spain, a patron of astronomy incongruously holding a Sun-centered model of the solar system.
It is suffice here to evoke a few glorious names without contemporary equivalents in the West: Jabir Ibn Haiyan, al-Kindi, al-Khwarizmi, al-Farghani, al-Razi, Thabit ibn Qurra, al-Battani
, Hunain ibn Ishaq, al-Farabi, Ibrahim ibn Sinan, al-Masudi, al-Tarabi, Abu ibn Wafa, Ali ibn Abbas, Abu-l-Qasim, Ibn al-Jazzar, al-Biruni, Ibn Sina, Ibn Yunus, al-Karkhi, Ibn al-Haitham, Ali ibn Isa, al-Ghazzali, al-Zarqali, Omar Khayyam!
sive Albatenii Opus Astronomicum, C.
Another Muslim mathematician, al-Battani
(850-929), built upon the foundations of trigonometry established by such great Greek mathematicians as Hipparchus and Ptolemy.
He also worked tirelessly to summarize Zij al-Battani
(Ibn Abi Usaybi'ah, 1962).
* 858-929 - Abu Abdullah Al-Battani
(Albategnius) - Astronomy,
The author mentions scholars such as: "Jabir ibn Haiyan, al-Kindi, al-Khwarizimi, al-Farghani, al-Razi, al-Masudi, al-Tabari, Thabit ibn Qurra, al-Battani
, Hunain ibn Ishaq, Abdul-i-Qasim, al-Farabi, Ibrahim ibn Sinan, al-Biruni, Ibn Sina, Ibn Yunus, al-Karhi, Abdul-i-Wafa, Ali, ibn Abbas, Ibn al-Jazzar, Ibn al-Haitham, Ali ibn Isa, al-Ghazzali, al-Zarqali, and Omar Khayyum" (61) who have contributed significantly to current Western practices and philosophies.
Now the astronomical works of, say, al-Khwarizmi (Indian and Sasanian influence) and al-Battani
(Greek influence), and the mathematical works of the same al-Khwarizmi (essentially Babylonian algebra and Indian arithmetic), were particularly influential in Europe, regardless of the fact that they were already out-dated and surpassed in the Islamic world.
In the ninth century, Iranian astronomer al-Battani
discovered that for a sundial to function properly, the needle must point toward Polaris (North star).
Albategnius was the 9th-century Syrian al-Battani
, whose extremely accurate trigonometry tables were used by Copernicus and Tycho.