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see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.


Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Hashd al-Shaabi forces on May 23 announced the liberation of the Center of al-Qayrawan in West Mosul.
(12) "Da'ash yukhatat l-i'ilan 'Imara fi al-qayrawan'" al-Akhbariya al-Tunisiya, November 21, 2014
texte arabe, pp.4 et 6 : wa-amma Ifriqiya fa-qasabatuha al-Qayrawan wa-min muduniha [...] Dakkama.
texte arabe, p.4 et p.6 : wa-amma Ifriqiya fa-qasabatuha al-Qayrawan wamin muduniha [...] Tamasnat.
(29) Abu Yahya al-Shinqiti, "O People of Tunisia of al-Qayrawan Be Supporters of Shari'a al-Rahman," al Andalus Media, May 18, 2013; Shaykh Ahmad Abu 'Abd al-Ilah, "Letter of Advice to Ennahda in Tunisia of al-Qayrawan," al-Andalus Media, May 21, 2013.
"A force from the 3rd division of the Iraqi army arrested on Tuesday (June 1) a wanted man in al-Qayrawan region in western Mosul," the source told Aswat al-Iraq news agency.
One such Salafist group is known as Ansar al-Shari'a in Tunisia (AST), and its media outlet al-Qayrawan Media Foundation (QMF).
"A security force defused an explosive device in a house in al-Qayrawan district in east of Sinjar, northwest of Mosul, on Tuesday night (Oct.
The district mayor, Dakhil Qassem Hassoun, said security forces found the bodies of Shamdin Ibrahim Shamdin, a member of the Sinjar municipal council, and his brother dumped at the entrance of al-Qahira district, southwest al-Qayrawan town in Sinjar, (60 km) north of Mosul.