Waqidi

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Waqidi

 

(full name al-Waqidi Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Umar). Born 747 in Medina; died 823. Arab historian.

Waqidi’s Book of Campaigns (Kitab al-Maghazi) consists of traditions of campaigns and raids by the first Muslims during the lifetime of Muhammad. Despite the legendary overlay, it is an important original historical source. Waqidi is also thought to be the author of Conquest of Syria (Futuh al-Sham); it was later reworked in the form of a historical novel. Excerpts from Waqidi’s writings in Russian translation are contained in N. A. Mednikov’s Palestine From Its Conquest by the Arabs… and Orthodox Palestine Collection (no. 50 [vol. 17, no. 2], St. Petersburg, 1897, pp. 17-30).

REFERENCE

Kitab al-Maghazi, vols. 1-3. Edited by M. Jones. London, 1966. (Complete Arabic text; bibliography in English.)
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(73.) Narrated through al-Waqidi by Ibn Sa'd in al-Tabaqat al-kabir 7:574 (sixth layer of the Medinan Tabi'in) and Ibn Qutayba, al-Ma'arif, ed.
Another version given by Ibn Sa'd (1957-68, 4: 29, based on al-Waqidi) states that 'Umar assigned al-'Abbas a stipend of 5,000 (like the Badr group), and that the caliph only gave the wives of the Prophet a greater amount.
After the battle, Bani Qaynuqa' were chased from Medina and their property was taken as a result of their breach of the treaty between the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) (Al-Waqidi, 1964).
Especially interesting in Khalidi's ambitious book is his adumbration of the principles and philosophy that guided such classical Sunni biographers of Muhammad as Ibn Ishaq (d.767), Al-Waqidi (d.
For instance, Abu Asid al-Sa'di (cited above) commented after narrating a story involving a ghoul that 'ghouls lived at that time [before and at the beginning of Islam], but they perished later' (al-Waqidi 1984, 104).
al-Zubayr, 144-145; al-Waqidi, 1/131 ff; al-Salihi, 4/30; see also Watt, 16)" (4:90a).
Al-Waqidi's account has it that the three men addressed the Qurayza, saying that Muhammad was the Messenger of Allah who had been described by their (Qurayza's) learned men and those of the Nadir--Huyayy ibn Akhtab from the latter tribe is specifically mentioned; also, Jubayr ibn al-Hayyaban, the most truthful man, when he was on his deathbed, described the Messenger.
'Umar or al-Waqidi shaped, or perhaps reflected, their images of Uthman, a topic to which she returns in later chapters.
Bosworth thoroughly outlines which earlier sources (such al-Waqidi and al-Madaini) are preserved by Ibn Sad and al-Tabari.