Ahvaz

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Ahvaz

or

Ahwaz

(both: äwäz`), city (1991 pop. 724,653), SW Iran, on the Karun River. It is an oil center, a transportation hub, and an industrial city that has petrochemical, textile, and food-processing industries. An ancient city, Ahvaz was rebuilt (3d cent. A.D.) by Ardashir I, who named it Hormuzd-Ardashir. In the 4th cent. Ahvaz became the seat of a bishopric, and a large church was built there. It was an important Arab trading center in the 12th and 13th cent. but later declined. The discovery of oil nearby in the early 20th cent. restored the city to its former importance. The new part of Ahvaz, the administrative and industrial center, is on the right bank of the Karun, but the population still is concentrated in the old section on the left bank. Ahvaz is linked by road, rail, and oil pipeline to ports on the Persian Gulf.

Ahwaz

, Ahvaz
a town in SW Iran, on the Karun River. Pop.: 967 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
(92) However, the forces of 'Mud al-Dawla quickly routed cIzz al-Dawla and his allies at the battle of SCiq al-Ahwaz on 11 Dh 1-Qa' da 366/1 July 977.
Are Bahrain's Shia oppressed more than the Arabs of al-Ahwaz? Are there ministers, MPs, and senior businesspeople among the latter, like there are among the Shia of Bahrain?
Even though most of those books were connected to the arts and Arabic grammar, Abu 'Ubaydah also wrote several books that considerable important as sources of information in history such as Kitab al-Jamal wa Siffin and Kitab Futuh al-Ahwaz.
The name of the city of Ahwaz also has the same origin as the name Khuzestan., being an Arabic broken plural from the compound name, "Suq al-Ahwaz" (Market of the Huzis)--the medieval name of the town, that replaced the Sasanian Persian name of the pre-Islamic times.
Tehran, (SANA)-The Syrian-Iranian Businessmen Council and Al-Ahwaz Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines signed a cooperation protocol.The protocol stipulates encouraging the two sides to establish investment companies and increase the number of businessmen visits in all fields and specializations to increase trade exchange volume between the two countries.
Militants in Khuzistan include the Front for the Liberation of Al-Ahwaz (FLA), the Ahwaz Human Rights Association and the Khuzestan Prosperity Party.
United Nations, Safar 06, 1439, October 26, 2017, SPA --The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has stressed that there are no indications that the Iranian regime intends to address the injustice and oppression being suffered by Arab Al-Ahwaz and the confiscating of their Arab identity and civil rights, pointing out that Iran seeks to distract the world's attention from the dire situation of human rights in it by creating chaos and destabilizing security and stability in the countries of the region and spreading the discourse of hatred and sectarianism.
That included members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of al-Ahwaz founded by Seyed Hamid Moussawi.
The shadowy Movement for the Liberation of Al-Ahwaz has claimed responsibility for a series of attacks on Iranian security forces and other government symbols in recent months.
This requires from the Arab countries in general and the Gulf ones in particular a support to the people of Al-Ahwaz and a benefit from their people since they are Arabs.
"Harkat al-Nazal al-Arabi Le Tahrir al-Ahwaz terrorist and separatist group has claimed responsibility for the armed attack on a Law Enforcement Police vehicle at Imam Khomeini port," Deputy Police Commander of the Southern province of Khuzestan Ali Qassempour told reporters.