Alain Robbe-Grillet

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Robbe-Grillet, Alain

(älăN` rôb-grēyā`), 1922–2008, French novelist and filmmaker, b. Brest. Robbe-Grillet is considered the originator of the French nouveau roman [new novel], in which conventional story is subordinated to structure and the significance of objects is stressed above that of human motivation or action. His influential essay Pour un nouveau roman (1963; tr. Toward a New Novel, 1966) provided the theoretical groundwork for the genre. Robbe-Grillet's first novel, Les Gommes (tr. The Erasers, 1964), was published in 1953. Among his other novels, many of them marked by violence, are Le Voyeur (1955; tr. The Voyeur, 1958), La jalousie (1957; tr. Jealousy, 1960), Dans le labyrinthe (1959; tr. In the Labyrinth, 1960), Instantanés (1962; tr. Snapshots, 1968), La Maison de Rendez-vous (1965; tr. 1966, The House of Assignation, 1970), Topologie d'une cité fantôme (1976; tr. Topology of a Phantom City, 1977), Djinn (1981, tr. 1982), Les dernier jours de Corinthe [the last days of Corinth] (1994), La reprise (2001; tr. Repetition, 2003), and Un roman sentimental (2007; tr. A Sentimental Novel, 2014), his last book. Robbe-Grillet's film works include the screenplay for Alain ResnaisResnais, Alain
, 1922–2014, French filmmaker. Although not an official member of the French cinema's New Wave movement, he shared its innovative and personal approach to style, content, and narrative.
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's enigmatic classic L'annèe dernière à Marienbad (Last Year at Marienbad, 1961) as well as those for L'immortelle [the immortal one] (1962), Trans-Europ-Express (1966), L'Eden and l'après (Eden and After, 1970), La belle captive (The Beautiful Prisoner, 1983), and Un bruit qui rend fou (The Blue Villa, 1996), which he also directed. In 2004 he became a member of the Académie Française.


See his memoir Ghosts in the Mirror (1984, tr. 1991); studies by B. Morrissette (1965), R. Armes (1981), J. Fletcher (1983), B. F. Stoltzfus (1985), R. L. Ramsay (1992), L. D. Roland (1994), M. H. Hellerstein (1998), and R. C. Smith (2000).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Robbe-Grillet, Alain


Born Aug. 18, 1922, in Brest, department of Finistere. French writer and film director; one of the founders of the “new novel.”

Educated as an agricultural engineer, Robbe-Grillet was first published in 1953. In his depersonalized, flat narratives, Robbe-Grillet’s obsessive description of objects pushes aside both the narrative and the characters (for example, the novels The Voyeur, 1955, and Jealousy, 1957). Gradually these verbal still lifes grow into hallucinations of a chaotic, capricious, and defective world (the novel In the Labyrinth, 1959, and the film screenplay Last Year at Marienbad, 1961). This world cannot be animated by criminal events (the novel La Maison de rendez-vous, 1965), by a speculative response to political issues of the day (the novel Project for a Revolution in New York, 1970), or by morbid eroticism (the novel and film Glissements progressifs du plaisir, 1973).


Pour un Nouveau Roman. Paris, 1963.
In Russian translation:
“V labirinte.” lnostrannaia literatura, 1961, no. 1. (Excerpt.)


Velikovskii, S. “V laboratorii raschelovechivaniia iskusstva.” In the collection O sovremennoi burzhuaznoi estetike, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Zonina, L. “‘Novyi roman’: vchera, segodnia.” Voprosy literatury, 1974, NO. 11.
Eremeev, L. A. Frantsuzskii “novyi roman.” Kiev, 1974.
Morrissette, B. Le Roman de Robbe-Grillet. [Paris, 1963.]
Ricardou, J. Pour une Théorie du nouveau roman. Paris [1971].
Gardies, A. A Robbe-Grillet. [Paris, 1972.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This section also traces Grove's interactions with Alain Robbe-Grillet and Jean Genet, the latter of whom "more than any other single Grove author ...
There also some familiar names: here you will find a first taste of Alain Robbe-Grillet's deservedly scandalous final book, the Sadean A Sentimental Novel; here you will find a preview of the great Wolfgang Koeppen's short autobiographical novel Youth, wonderfully translated by his champion Michael Hofmann; here too you will find two previously untranslated stories by the great Machado de Assis; and likewise a smattering of entries from Edouard Leve's Works, a compulsively readable catalog of all the artworks the author had conceived of executing, but had not yet begun (including the writing of Works ...).
Smith (1992), The Erotic Dream Machine: Interviews with Alain Robbe-Grillet on His Films.
She did act in mainstream films, working with renowned European directors including Alain Robbe-Grillet ("Playing With Fire," 1975) and Claude Chabrol ("Alice or the Last Escapade," 1977), starring in Jaeckin's adaptation of "Lady Chatterley's Lover" (1981) and spending several years in Hollywood, where she appeared in the action-adventure film, "The Fifth Musketeer" (1979); "The Nude Bomb" (1980, a reprise of the 1960s television series "Get Smart," starring Don Adams), and the racy, very successful comedy "Private Lessons" (1981), in which she played an immigrant maid who seduces a teenager.
from the University of Bucharest with his dissertation on Alain Robbe-Grillet. He has published several papers in Addleton journals.
* La Maison de Rendez-vous by Alain Robbe-Grillet, trans lated by Richard Howard
Every bit as much as Julia Child, Rosset broadened and cultivated American palates, helping to create or enlarge the audiences of writers such as Beckett, Alain Robbe-Grillet, "Pauline Reage," and all the Beats.
Constructing Meaning in the Spanish and French New Novel: Juan Benet and Alain Robbe-Grillet. New York: Edwin Mellen P, 2009.
(2000), Understanding Alain Robbe-Grillet. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 61, 117.
Alain Robbe-Grillet's artistic endeavors have generated a great deal of discussion on the increasingly complex relationship between an image and a text.