Alain de Lille


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Alain de Lille

(älăN` də lēl), c.1128–c.1202, French scholastic philosopher, a Cistercian, honored by his contemporaries as the Universal Doctor. He was born in Lille; he taught at Paris and Montpellier before retiring to Cîteaux. Alain attempted to give rational support to the tenets of Christian faith in his writings. He held that the mind unaided by revelation can know the universe, but by faith alone can man know God. Although his thought was largely Neoplatonic, he made use of numerous Aristotelian and neo-Pythagorean elements. The mathematical and deductive method had an important place in the working out of his theology. One of his chief works, De fide catholica contra haereticos, was written in order to refute heretics and unbelievers. Alain de Lille was also one of the foremost didactic poets of his day; his chief poem Anticlaudian (tr. 1935) is a complicated allegory. He is also called Alanus de Insulis, the Latin form of his name.
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Autores como Alain de Lille, Juan de Salisbury o Roberto de Courson promovieron entonces una dignificacion del uso de las armas mediante rituales y juramentos que debian clarificar los ideales de la nueva caballeria nacida para el restablecimiento de la justicia, el mantenimiento de la paz y la proteccion del debil.
Ainda que, como opina o autor, a literatura medieval tenha uma memoria retalhada da Antiguidade, o renascimento do seculo XII consubstanciara um recrudescer sistematizado da "reminiscence des modeles antiques", que se reflecte no modo como Alain de Lille, entre outros, legitima os seus projectos literarios na erudita imitatio dos Antigos.
Con todas las cautelas que exigen estas situaciones, este articulo pretende dar cuenta de otro libro con notas autografas de Quevedo (ademas de su firma y abundantes subrayados), que se encuentra entre los fondos de la Biblioteca de Menendez Pelayo en Santander: el Anticlaudianus de Alain de Lille, en un ejemplar de Basileae, 1536.
Este hecho explicaria la abundancia de sintesis y comentarios sobre el poema de Alain de Lille, entre los cuales destacan el de su discipulo Longchamps, datado en torno a 1212-1213, o el de Guillaume d'Auxerre.
Otros indicios del papel destacado del texto de Alain de Lille en la tradicion literaria y cultural europea fueron senalados por Green (vol.
87) Alain de Lille praised Nature herself: "Her teeth by a certain uniformity in colour resembled a configuration in ivory.
88 Alain de Lille, Deplanctu naturae 121-22 (prose); trans.
For a Latin example of a mouth fragrant with nard, see Alain de Lille, Deplanctu naturae 1.
The modern cult of the creative genius looks back to the moment Alain de Lille made Genius a priest.
Neither the phallus's semiotic status, nor its radical transferability would come as a particular surprise to Alain de Lille.
One of the most influential writers of the Chartres School was Alain de Lille (1128?
Wright's two-volume collection includes texts by Geoffrey of Winchester, Hugh the Chanter, Reginald of Canterbury, Marbod of Rennes, and Alain de Lille among others, and provides an appendix containing the eighth-century English riddles of Tatwine and Aldhelm.