Alan Mathison Turing
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Turing, Alan Mathison
Born June 23, 1912, in London; died June 7,1954, in Wilmslow, near Manchester. British mathematician. Fellow of the Royal Society (1951).
Turing graduated from Cambridge University in 1935. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University, which he attended from 1936 to 1938. Turing worked in the British Foreign Office from 1939 to 1945. From 1945 to 1948 he was on the staff of the National Physical Laboratory, and from 1948 to 1954 he was affiliated with the University of Manchester. Turing’s principal works are on mathematical logic and computer mathematics. In 1936 and 1937 he introduced a mathematical concept that amounted to an abstraction of the notion of an algorithm and made possible a more precise definition of a computable function. This concept later became known as the Turing machine. During the last years of his life he worked on mathematical problems of biology.
REFERENCESKleene, S. C. Vvedenie v metamatematiku. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from English.)
Mashiny Tiuringa i rekursivnye funktsii. Moscow, 1972. (Translated from German.)
Trakhtenbrot, B. A. Algoritmy i vychislitel’nye avtomaty. Moscow, 1974.
Apokin, I. A., and L. E. Maistrov. Razvitie vychislitel’nykh mashin. Moscow, 1974.