Alan Shepard

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Related to Alan Shepard: John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Deke Slayton
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shepard, Alan


Born Nov. 18, 1923, in East Derry, N.H. American astronaut; rear admiral in the US Navy.

After graduating from the US Naval Academy in 1944, Shepard took part in various military operations conducted by the United States in the Pacific. From 1950 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1957 he worked at the Navy Test Pilot School. In 1958 he graduated from the Naval War College; he also attended a school of civil aviation. In 1959 he became an astronaut with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

On May 5, 1961, Shepard became the first American to complete a manned suborbital flight of 15 minutes duration in the Mercury spacecraft (MR 3). From Feb. 1 to Feb. 10, 1971, Shepard, as commander of the Apollo 14 spacecraft, completed a lunar flight with E. Mitchell and S. Roosa. Shepard spent a total of 33 hr 30 min on the moon, including two moon walks, lasting about 9 hr. His time in space during the two flights totaled 216 hr 17 min. Shepard is now directing the training of American astronauts at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston. His hometown has been renamed Spacetown.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1961: Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space on the one-person Freedom 7 spacecraft.
Also participating were Robert Beauchemin, CEO of KnowledgeOne, which provides training and development solutions for businesses; and Alan Shepard, president and vice-chancellor, Concordia University, Montreal.
In 1971, Apollo 14 astronauts Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell stepped onto the surface of the moon in the first of two lunar excursions.
When, on May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American astronaut to travel into space, he rode atop a Redstone rocket -- a modified U.S.-built missile.
1971--Apollo astronaut Alan Shepard hits two golf balls on the Moon (using a 6 iron head attached to a soil sample scoop handle)
Burnett said the next two systems will honor Alan Shepard, the first American in space and one of NASA's first seven astronauts, and Neil Armstrong, the first person to walk on the moon.
Washington, July 13 ( ANI ): When American astronaut Alan Shepard couldn't hold his pee any longer on their space mission in 1961, he was directed to do it in his suit, a new book has revealed.
America's first astronaut Alan Shepard fired up the space race in 1961, and we don't blame trendsetters for getting caught up in the excitement.
In May 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American astronaut to be launched into space.
Alan Shepard Moon Walk: February 5, 1971 Went on to serve on the boards of several companies.