Alan Turing


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Alan Turing: enigma, Charles Babbage

Alan Turing

(person)
Alan M. Turing, 1912-06-22/3? - 1954-06-07. A British mathematician, inventor of the Turing Machine. Turing also proposed the Turing test. Turing's work was fundamental in the theoretical foundations of computer science.

Turing was a student and fellow of King's College Cambridge and was a graduate student at Princeton University from 1936 to 1938. While at Princeton Turing published "On Computable Numbers", a paper in which he conceived an abstract machine, now called a Turing Machine.

Turing returned to England in 1938 and during World War II, he worked in the British Foreign Office. He masterminded operations at Bletchley Park, UK which were highly successful in cracking the Nazis "Enigma" codes during World War II. Some of his early advances in computer design were inspired by the need to perform many repetitive symbolic manipulations quickly. Before the building of the Colossus computer this work was done by a roomful of women.

In 1945 he joined the National Physical Laboratory in London and worked on the design and construction of a large computer, named Automatic Computing Engine (ACE). In 1949 Turing became deputy director of the Computing Laboratory at Manchester where the Manchester Automatic Digital Machine, the worlds largest memory computer, was being built.

He also worked on theories of artificial intelligence, and on the application of mathematical theory to biological forms. In 1952 he published the first part of his theoretical study of morphogenesis, the development of pattern and form in living organisms.

Turing was gay, and died rather young under mysterious circumstances. He was arrested for violation of British homosexuality statutes in 1952. He died of potassium cyanide poisoning while conducting electrolysis experiments. An inquest concluded that it was self-administered but it is now thought by some to have been an accident.

There is an excellent biography of Turing by Andrew Hodges, subtitled "The Enigma of Intelligence" and a play based on it called "Breaking the Code". There was also a popular summary of his work in Douglas Hofstadter's book "G?del, Escher, Bach".

http://AlanTuring.net/.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England, said: "As the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, as well as war hero, Alan Turing's contributions were far ranging and path breaking.
Dubai: The story of Alan Turing and his tragic death was portrayed in the 2014 film 'The Imitation Game', which went on to win eight Oscar nominations.
Alan Turing One of 192 beautiful rooms at the hotel, the Turing Suite comes complete with a bespoke library inspired by his work.
Living with Machines will take a radical approach to collaboration, breaking down barriers between academic traditions, bringing together data scientists and software engineers from The Alan Turing Institute and curators from the British Library.
Shakil Ahmad Khan, representing The Alan Turing Institute, described data as electricity for the modern economy.
"Alan Turing just so, so deserves this," his niece Rachel Barnes told BBC radio.
Alan Turing was an EnglishA computer scientist,A mathematician, logician and cryptanalyst who played a key role in breaking the code of the Nazi Enigma cipher machines during World War II.
Researchers from New Zealand have restored the earliest known recording of computer-generated music, which was created nearly 65 years ago on a gigantic computer devised by the famous Alan Turing.
The TRI Turing smartphone is made of a blend of zirconium, copper, aluminum, nickel and titanium and offers privacy through a security system inspired by Alan Turing's work in cryptography.
GCHQ recently hosted the official launch of a new book commemorating the life of legendary Bletchley Park codebreaker Alan Turing. 'Prof: Alan Turing Decoded', written by Turing's nephew Sir Dermot Turing, celebrates an extraordinary man, mathematician, codebreaker, computer scientist and biologist.