Alarcón, Pedro Antonio de

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Alarcón, Pedro Antonio de

(pāth`rō äntō`nyō dā älärkōn`), 1833–91, Spanish writer, politician, and diplomat. He wrote several novels, including El sombrero de tres picos (1874, tr. The Three-cornered Hat, 1891), on which Manuel de Falla based his popular ballet, and El capitán Veneno (1881, tr. Captain Venom, 1914). In these works Alarcón shows keen powers of observation and subtle humor.

Alarcón, Pedro Antonio de


Born Mar. 10, 1833, in Guadix, Granada Province; died July 10, 1891, in Valdemoro, Madrid Province. Spanish writer.

Alarcón began his career with poetry written in the romantic vein. His most important works are three collections of short stories— National Stories (1881), Love Stories (1881), and Unlikely Stories (1882)—among which are to be found examples of critical realism. Alarcón continued the democratic trends of Spanish literature, but in his novels The Scandal (1875), Baby With a Ball (1880), and The Loose Woman (1882) he propagated Roman Catholic ideas, arguing against all manifestations of freethinking.


Obras completas, 19 vols. Madrid, 1881–1928, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Treugol’naia shliapa. Moscow, 1955.


Martínez Kleiser, L. Don Pedro Antonio de Alarcón. Madrid, 1943.
Montesinos, J. F. Pedro Antonio de Alarcón. Zaragoza, 1955.
ardo Canalis, E. P. A. de Alarcón: Estudio y antología. Madrid, [1965].