Alash

Alash

 

a counterrevolutionary bourgeois-nationalist organization in Kazakhstan which existed from 1917 to 1920. It expressed the class interests of rich landowners, feudal lords, and the emerging Kazakh bourgeoisie.

Alash, which was formed in 1905 by members of the Kadet Party, took shape politically at the first “All-Kirghiz” congress in Orenburg, held July 21–26 (Aug. 3–8), 1917. Its program, ideologically based on Pan-Islamism and Pan-Turkism, called for the bourgeois autonomy of Kazakhstan and defended the patriarchal and feudal order’s slow adaptation to the conditions of bourgeois society. In its struggle against the revolutionary workers’ movement, Alash joined forces with the Russian bourgeoisie and the foreign imperialists.

At the second “All-Kirghiz” counterrevolutionary congress, Dec. 5–13 (18–26), 1917, in Orenburg, the autonomous “government” of Alash-Orda was formed, headed by A. Bukeikhanov; it decided to create an armed force. Alash formed branches in the Ural’sk, Turgai, and Semipalatinsk regions and established close ties with the counterrevolutionary “Kokand autonomy” and the Bashkir nationalists. By deceit and demagoguery, Alash-Orda managed to gain some followers among Kazakh workers in 1917–18. Alash-Orda detachments joined the White Guard armies under Dutov, Kolchak, Annenkov, and others. The Communist Party successfully solved the problem of politically isolating Alsh: in the course of the Civil War the Alash-Orda detachments were smashed, and its “government” was liquidated in March 1920 by the Kirghiz (Kazakh) Revolutionary Committee.

REFERENCE

Istoriia Kazakhskoi SSR. Alma-Ata, 1967.

T. ELEULOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Among these sacred places is Mount Aulietau, where the ancient tombs of the prophet Zarathustra, Zhoshy Khan, Alash Khan, Tokhtamysh Khan, Biya Edige and other prominent ancestors of the people are located.
In addition, a presentation of a book dedicated to the movement of the Kazakh party "Alash" in Azerbaijanwill be published in December.
Since the 19th century, in Kazakhstan, the Alash intelligentsia was formed, who dealt with the solution of the public matters by means of journalism and publicism.
Militants in the villages and farms of Zour Alash, Jomaqliyeh, Taqsis Zour, Abu Daradah, Romaylah, Qabihah, Hanifah, Akshan, al-Mashdaho al-Amarah and al-Mashdah had had also earlier endorsed peace with the army.
Similarly additional load shedding would be carried out on 11 KV Hisarbaba, Express Batkhela, Khanpur,T alash, Asper, Yar steel mills, Capaciter bank feeders from July 17 (Monday) 8 AM to 22nd July to 8 PM.
E14000535 Or Ax 39- Alash Maxi Flex Set Of 3 Nos For The Use Of Tata Hitachi Dumper Model Eh600.
The project aims to eliminate unregulated markets near Alash highway, where the center will be located.
(15) Alash nationalist movement was formed in resistance to Russian colonization in 1905.
Alash Ensemble, the Tuvan throat singers and instrumentalists who shared the Hult Center stage with Bla Fleck & the Flecktones this most recent holiday season, will be at the WOW Hall for a Sunday show.
Yet after the short-lived Khokand and Alash Orda Turkestan governments, many Turkestanis were forced to retreat to the mountains to carry out guerilla warfare; this movement was called the Basmachi (i.e.
(30) In Kazakhstan, the Alash party, which was of Islamo-nationalist persuasion, was also quickly repressed.
In Semirech'e, Cossacks, deeply suspicious of "Bolshevik hooliganism," cooperated with Kazakh intellectuals in the Alash movement (261-62).