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(both: ä`lätou) [Turkic,=mottled mountains], several ranges of the Tian ShanTian Shan
or Tien Shan
[Chin.,=celestial mountains], mountain system of central Asia, extending c.1,500 mi (2,410 km) from the Pamir Mts., Tajikistan, NE through the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, to the China-Mongolia border; Pobeda Peak (24,406 ft/7,439
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 system in central Asia. The Alatau ranges are the Dzungarian, the Kungei, the Talas, the Terskei, and the Trans-Ili; all except the Talas Alatau rise to more than 16,000 ft (4,880 m). Generally forested, these ranges are chiefly inhabited by Turkic-speaking pastoral tribes. A variety of grains are grown. The Dzungarian Alatau, the northernmost and loftiest branch of the Tian Shan, forms part of the Kazakhstan-China border. Silver and lead mines and hot springs are found there (see DzungariaDzungaria
or Junggar
, physical region (c.300,000 sq mi/777,000 sq km) of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China. It is a largely steppe and semidesert basin surrounded by high mountains (the Tian Shan in the south and the Altai in the north).
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). The Kungei Alatau lies N of Issyk Kul, a huge lake in the Tian Shan. The Trans-Ili Alatau, on the Kyrgyzstan-Kazakhstan border, supports intensive, irrigated agriculture; Almaty, the region's largest city, is in Kazakhstan on the northern slope.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an urban-type settlement in Talgar Raion, Alma-Ata Oblast, Kazakh SSR. It is located 16 km northeast of Alma-Ata. The population in 1968 was 4,300.

Alatau was formed in 1958 as a scientists’ town around the Scientific Research Institute for Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR; an atomic reactor was set up in 1967.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In June, it revealed its first property in Kazakhstan with the opening of DoubleTree by Hilton Almaty at the foothills of the Trans-lli Alatau Mountains.
Almaty is home to 350 kilometres of Trans-Ili Alatau snowy mountain ranges culminating in Shymbulak, the ultimate skier's paradise that houses three ski lifts with the highest going to 3,200 meters above sea level.
Set against the majestic backdrop of the Trans-Ili Alatau mountain range, The Ritz-Carlton, Almaty offers unfettered access to Shymbulak, the ultimate skiers paradise that houses three ski lifts with the highest going to 3,200 meters above sea level.
Even higher is the Shymbulak ski resort, located in the picturesque gorge of Trans-Ili Alatau.
The city is in the foothills of Trans-Ili Alatau - incredibly beautiful snow-capped mountains, a kind of visiting card of the southern capital.
This taxon is also recorded as a rare endemic species of Kazakhstan, with its natural habitat limited to a small territory covering an area of 10 000 km2 in inter mountain valleys (local name "syrty") at altitudes varying between 1800-2100 meters above sea level in the eastern Tien Shan (Trans-Ili, Kungey and Terskey Alatau, Ketmen ridge).
The Tian Shan route determined the movement from East Turkestan through the Zhetisu (Seven Rivers) along the foothills of the Jungar, Ile Alatau, Kyrgyz, and the Talas Ridge to Tashkent, and then through Samarkand, Bukhara, Merv, Asia Minor and Byzantium.
There are investigations on the description of lichens and lichen-indication in the natural reserves "Kuznetsy Alatau", "Bastak", "Utrish", "Imensky", Dzherginskii in the republic of Buryatia and others (Kostryukova, Krupnova, Mashkova, & Schelkanova, 2017; Skirina, 2015; Urbanavichus & Urbanavichene, 2015; Baumgertner, 2012; Mashkova, Krupnova, Kostryukova, & Shcherbina, 2016; Kharpukhaeva & Urbanavichus, 2006; Zeltyn & Insarov, 1993 etc.).
Following apple cultivars had been chosen for experiments - autumn cultivars: 'Auksis', 'Orlik', and winter cultivars: 'Antej', 'Belorusskoje Malinovoje', 'Sinap Orlovskij' and 'Zarja Alatau'.
The lake is surrounded by Maili Mountain, Alatau Mountain, and Borokhoro Mountain to the north, west, and south, respectively.