Alatau Cattle

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alatau Cattle


a dairy and beef breed developed in Kirghiz SSR and Kazakh SSR by crossing the indigenous cattle with the Schwyz and Kostroma breeds. The breed was officially recognized in 1950. The cattle are rugged, have compact and lithe frames, and are light brown in color. The liveweight is 700–800 kg for bulls and 500–550 kg for cows. Milk yields are 4,000–5,000 kg, with a record of 10,222 kg. The milk fat content is 3.8–3.9 percent, going up as high as 5 percent. Meat qualities are good. The slaughter yield of steers after fattening is 54–62 percent. The Alatau cattle are adapted to high mountain conditions. The best bull lines include those of Veterok, Marsh, Susamer, Varnak, and Polet. The cattle are raised in Kirghiz SSR and Kazakh SSR. The leading farms are the Strel’nikova and Il’ich breeding farms in Kirghiz SSR and the Lenin Breeding Sovkhoz and the Alma-Ata Sovkhoz in Kazakh SSR.


Vsiakikh, A. S., and D. N. Pak. Alatauskaia poroda krupnogo rogatogo skota. Moscow, 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.