Alaungpaya


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Alaungpaya

(əlŏng`pāyä), 1711–60, Burmese king, founder of the Konbaung dynasty, which ruled until 1885. His name, also given as Alompra, means "the coming Buddha." The son of a village headman, he rallied the Burmese and led them against their Mons rulers. He seized the important town of Innwa (Ava) in 1753 and moved south, uniting upper and lower Myanmar under his rule. Pursuing the Mons, he invaded Siam but was wounded in a siege of Ayuthia and died while returning to Myanmar.

Alaungpaya

 

Born 1714; died 1760. Burmese ruler from 1752. Founder of the Konbaung dynasty. Alaungpaya, a feudal lord of the Shwebo region, led the struggle of the Burmese against Mon rule in 1752. In 1754, Alaungpaya captured Ava, and by 1755 he had subjugated all of Upper and Central Burma. In honor of his victories, the city of Rangoon was established in 1754. Alaungpaya forced the Shan princes to accept vassal dependency on Burma. In 1756, Alaungpaya’s army seized Syriam and in 1757, Pegu, after which the Mons were defeated. During an expedition to Siam, he conquered Tenasserim (1760). Alaungpaya’s activity led to the unification of feudally fragmented Burma and the creation of a strong centralized Burmese state.

M. G. KOZLOVA

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There have been four dynastic periods in Myanmar's history: the Pagan Period (1044-1287), the Shan Period (1287-1531), the Toungoo Period (1531-1752), and the Alaungpaya Period (1752-1885).
The third Burmese Empire, founded by Alaungpaya just over half a century ago, was crippled and forced to pay an indemnity of one million pounds sterling, and sign a commercial treaty.
The final Burman royal dynasty, the Konbaung, was established in 1752 under the rule of King Alaungpaya and lasted until the fall of King Thibaw to Britain in 1885.
This third and final Burmese dynasty, the Konbaung, had been founded by King Alaungpaya, who pursued an aggressive and expansionist policy aimed at unifying Burma.
In 1760 the Burmese King Alaungpaya attacked Ayutthaya.
There were successive wars fought between the Burmese of Upper Myanmar and the Mons of Lower Myanmar until in the eighteenth century a powerful leader emerged in the Burmese kingdom in the person of Alaungpaya (embryo Buddha).
The oil wells of Burma began to be developed on an extensive scale after the Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, the British Viceroy of India, dethroned the Alaungpaya dynasty in Burma and annexed Upper Burma into British India in 1886.
More over their version of Burmese History is that the Burmese kings have ruled Burma since the first Burmese kingdom of Pagan Dynasty (1044) where the great king Anuruddha (Anawrahta) ruled the whole of Burma, then there were successive dynasties such as the Toungoo Dynasty founded by King Bayinnaung, then the Kone Bong Dynasty founded by Alaungpaya (U Aung Ze Ya) and was interrupted only by the British colonial in 1850s by the Anglo Burmese wars.