Albany Congress

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Albany Congress,

1754, meeting at Albany, N.Y., of commissioners representing seven British colonies in North America to treat with the Iroquois, chiefly because war with France impended. A treaty was concluded, but the Native Americans of Pennsylvania were resentful of a land purchase made by that colony at Albany and allied themselves with the French in the ensuing French and Indian WarFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. The meeting was notable as an example of cooperation among the colonies, but Benjamin FranklinFranklin, Benjamin,
1706–90, American statesman, printer, scientist, and writer, b. Boston. The only American of the colonial period to earn a European reputation as a natural philosopher, he is best remembered in the United States as a patriot and diplomat.
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's Plan of Union for the colonies, though voted upon favorably at Albany, was refused by the colonial legislatures (and by the crown) as demanding too great a surrender of their powers.


See R. Newbold, Albany Congress and the Plan of Union of 1754 (1955).

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References in periodicals archive ?
In 1754 he headed the Pennsylvania delegation to the Albany Congress, a conference held in the capital of New York State, at the request of the British Board of Trade, to improve relations with the Iroquois Indians (150 of whom were present).
'Join or Die' was published as a woodcut 'emblem' (the word 'cartoon' did not gain its current sense until 1843) in the middle of the first column of Page 2 of the Pennsylvania Gazette on May 9th, 1754, just five weeks before the Albany Congress. Franklin also wrote the text above the drawing, which was a report on successful attacks by the French whose confidence 'seems well-grounded on the present disunited State of the British Colonies, and the extreme Difficulty of bringing so many different Governments and Assemblies to agree in any speedy and effectual Measures for our common Defence and Security'.
The Albany Congress was called in part to convince the Iroquois to remain with the British through the conflict known as the French and Indian War {1754-1763}.
Approved by the Albany Congress but not ratified by the colonial legislatures, it never took effect.
The first attempt to unite the English colonies was made at the Albany Congress, which was called in Albany, N.Y., in 1754 to negotiate a treaty with the Iroquois Indians in the event of further war with the French.
Two years later he was sent to represent that body at the Albany Congress, called to unite the colonists in war against the French.
Having represented Pennsylvania at the Albany Congress in 1754, he was chosen to represent it in protests to the English crown.
Seven Colonies send representatives to the Albany Congress, in June 1754.

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