Albany Congress

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Albany Congress,

1754, meeting at Albany, N.Y., of commissioners representing seven British colonies in North America to treat with the Iroquois, chiefly because war with France impended. A treaty was concluded, but the Native Americans of Pennsylvania were resentful of a land purchase made by that colony at Albany and allied themselves with the French in the ensuing French and Indian WarFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. The meeting was notable as an example of cooperation among the colonies, but Benjamin FranklinFranklin, Benjamin,
1706–90, American statesman, printer, scientist, and writer, b. Boston. The only American of the colonial period to earn a European reputation as a natural philosopher, he is best remembered in the United States as a patriot and diplomat.
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's Plan of Union for the colonies, though voted upon favorably at Albany, was refused by the colonial legislatures (and by the crown) as demanding too great a surrender of their powers.


See R. Newbold, Albany Congress and the Plan of Union of 1754 (1955).

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References in periodicals archive ?
A particular strength is the book's chronological breadth of one hundred and thirty years, from the 1754 Albany Plan of Union to an 1884 memorial speech dedicated to the "United Empire Loyalists" of Upper Canada (222).
IN SUPERB SECTIONS ON THE ALBANY PLAN OF Union, the struggles to secure self-government for Pennsylvania from British authorities, the Declaration of Independence, and the framing of the Constitution, Pangle shows how Franklin moved naturally and effectively from harmonious civic action to seeking order (frames of government) in the state and nation, working ultimately for peace in the world.
Franklin's proposal, called the Albany Plan of Union, wasn't adopted.
Paper-Currency (1729) and his Albany Plan of Union into a radical mold, because they envision political compromise.
The American colonies devised a constitution similar in structure, the Albany Plan of Union, in 1754.
Earlier, in 1754, the Albany Plan of Union, a document intended to unite the colonies, had been drawn up.
The Albany Plan of Union was affected in at least two important ways by the Iroquois.
The resulting Albany Plan of Union resembled the Iroquois constitution in many ways.(16) The individual colonies would retain their own constitutions and their own individual sovereignty under the plan.
The Albany Plan of Union gave the Grand Council the power to raise an army and navy and to build forts, and it gave the President General, with the advice of the Grand Council, the exclusive right to make treaties with the native population and to declare peace and war with them.
The two most notable similarities between the Iroquois government and that proposed in the Albany Plan of Union are the federal system of government and the reliance on a rule of unanimity in a unicameral legislature.
After declaring independence, the United States adopted its first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, in 1781.(18) There is a clear chain of constitutional evolution from the Albany Plan of Union to the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution of the United States.(19)
Narrator B: The delegates approve Franklin's Albany Plan of Union. But Britain says it makes the Colonies too powerful, while the Colonies say it gives Britain too much authority.

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