Alberdi, Juan Bautista
Alberdi, Juan Bautista(hwän boutēs`tä älbār`dē), 1810–84, Argentine political philosopher, patriot, and diplomat. He opposed Juan Manuel de RosasRosas, Juan Manuel de
, 1793–1877, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires prov. (1829–32, 1835–52). As a boy he served under Jacques de Liniers against the British invaders of the Rio de la Plata (1806–7).
..... Click the link for more information. , and after 1838 he spent years of exile in Uruguay, Chile, and in Europe writing against Rosas. After the overthrow of Rosas by Justo José de UrquizaUrquiza, Justo José de
, 1801–70, Argentine general and politician, president of the confederation (1854–60). As the caudillo of Entre Ríos prov., he helped sustain the power of Juan Manuel de Rosas.
..... Click the link for more information. (1852), Alberdi served on a number of diplomatic missions. His most important work, Bases y puntos de partida para la organización política de la república argentina, a masterpiece of political science, was published in 1852. Many of the suggestions contained in it were incorporated into the Argentine constitution of 1853. After Urquiza was defeated (1861), Alberdi settled in Paris and wrote political tracts against Bartolomé MitreMitre, Bartolomé
, 1821–1906, Argentine statesman, general, and author, president of the republic (1862–68). An opponent of Juan Manuel de Rosas, he was forced into exile and had a colorful career as a soldier and journalist in Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru, and
..... Click the link for more information. and Domingo Faustino SarmientoSarmiento, Domingo Faustino
, 1811–88, Argentine statesman, educator, and author, president of the republic (1868–74). An opponent of Juan Manuel de Rosas, he spent years of exile in Chile, becoming known as a journalist and an educational reformer.
..... Click the link for more information. .
Alberdi, Juan Bautista
Born Aug. 29, 1810, inTukumán; died June 18,1884, in Paris. Argentinian political figure.
He was one of the founders of the secret society Young Argentina (1838, Buenos Aires), the aim of which was to overthrow the Rosas tyranny. He lived abroad in exile from 1839 to 1852. After the Rosas dictatorship fell (1852), he worked in the diplomatic service for many years. In his chief work Bases and Points of Departure for the Political Organization of the Argentinian Republic (1852), Alberdi expressed the desire of democratic groups for the establishment of a broadly representative federal democratic republic in Argentina. In his book The Crime of War (Russian translation, 1960) Alberdi condemned war as a criminal offense and argued for the responsibility of a government for unleashing war. Condemning the principles of aggression and force in the mutual relations of states, Alberdi criticized the Monroe Doctrine. Alberdi’s economic works contain remarkable conjectures on the inevitability of economic crises under capitalism, surplus value, and the reign of labor in the future.
WORKSObras completas, vol. 1–8. Buenos Aires, 1886–87.
Escritos postumos, vols. 1–16. Buenos Aires, 1895–1905.
REFERENCESRojas Paz, P., Alberdi, el ciudadano de la Soledad, [2nded.]. Buenos
Aires . Popolizio, E. Alberdi. Buenos Aires .
V. I. ERMOLAEV