He examines what he describes as the three key prescriptive moments of this development: the foundational international legal works of Alberico Gentili
and Hugo Grotius in the context of the wars against Catholic Spain in the 16th century, World War I, and World War II.
, The Wars of the Romans: A Critical Edition and Translation of De armis Romanis, ed by Benedict Kingsbury & Benjamin Straumama, translated by David Lupher (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
Pugliatti also discusses the dissent against such readiness to legitimize war voiced by some key late-Medieval and Renaissance writers in the just war tradition, such as John of Legnano, Alberico Gentili
, Erasmus, Juan Luis Vives, and Francisco de Vitoria (Pugliatti 2010, 58).
The renowned Italian thinker Alberico Gentili
wrote that it made
, whose treatise De legationibus libri tres was commissioned as a response to a specific ethical lapse--the Spanish ambassador Mendoza's involvement in the Throckmorton plot against Elizabeth (52)--pins his hopes not on narrative means but on the codification of nascent principles of international law, transposing ethical questions to a "realm of fixed laws" (61).
15) Grotius makes this point to counter those, like Alberico Gentili
, who contended that mere fear of any sort was sufficient to justify what Grotius called "anticipatory slaying.
Pirillo focus on sources and/or on intertextual dialogues between Bruno's Spaccio and sixteenth-century political thought and moral literature, from Machiavelli to Luther and Melanchthon, from Leon Battista Alberti to George Buchanan and Alberico Gentili
May's work is exclusively about jus in bello, and is multidisciplinary in method, combining the positive laws of armed conflict with the very old natural law theories of such just war theorists as Alberico Gentili
, Samuel Pufendorf, and Hugo Grotius.
8) The various writings of Francis Bacon, John Davies, Alberico Gentili
, and John Selden, to name just a few of the better-known examples, show the acceptance of European civil law and its derivatives in England.
23) Even before Grotius, Alberico Gentili
argued in 1612 that "when war is undertaken for the purpose of necessary defense, the declaration is not at all required.
1) The debate about humanitarian intervention can be traced as far back as the seventeenth century to the works of Alberico Gentili
and Hugo Grotius.
McClure covers the myriad interpretations of diplomatic roles by such authors as Alberico Gentili
, Abraham de Wicquefort, Juan Antonio de Vera Zuniga y Figueroa, and Francois de Callieres.