Recent scholarship has also demonstrated how classical Roman legal theories, in combination with early modern Italian interpretations, extended to English conceptions of international conflict and justice, especially in the works of Oxford Roman law scholar Alberico Gentili
(1552-1608) (Kingsbury and Straumann, 2010).
En este sentido, segun los comentarios de Benedict Kingsbury and Benjamin Straumann a la obra "The roman Foundations of the law of Nations: Alberico Gentili
and the Justice of Empire": "in the second and first centuries BC., which were fundamental in the formation of the Roman empire, the Romans saw their empire and their imperialism in terms of the extension of their power over others, an extension which might or might non involve the sending of troops and commanders to the lands in which those people lived, on a long--lasting or a temporary basis.
The tone and audience were a response to Alberico Gentili
, to whom the study of war was not a part of the moralist's trade.
He examines what he describes as the three key prescriptive moments of this development: the foundational international legal works of Alberico Gentili
and Hugo Grotius in the context of the wars against Catholic Spain in the 16th century, World War I, and World War II.
, The Wars of the Romans: A Critical Edition and Translation of De armis Romanis, ed by Benedict Kingsbury & Benjamin Straumama, translated by David Lupher (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
Pugliatti also discusses the dissent against such readiness to legitimize war voiced by some key late-Medieval and Renaissance writers in the just war tradition, such as John of Legnano, Alberico Gentili
, Erasmus, Juan Luis Vives, and Francisco de Vitoria (Pugliatti 2010, 58).
, whose treatise De legationibus libri tres was commissioned as a response to a specific ethical lapse--the Spanish ambassador Mendoza's involvement in the Throckmorton plot against Elizabeth (52)--pins his hopes not on narrative means but on the codification of nascent principles of international law, transposing ethical questions to a "realm of fixed laws" (61).
And as the Seventeenth Century founder of international law, Hugo Grotius, says, war is justified only if it is done to ward off a clear danger to life, not just to property, that is "immediate and imminent in point of time." (15) Grotius makes this point to counter those, like Alberico Gentili
, who contended that mere fear of any sort was sufficient to justify what Grotius called "anticipatory slaying." (16) Grotius argued that the danger must not be merely assumed, but must be shown to require immediate action because of the impending harm that would result to the victim.
Pirillo focus on sources and/or on intertextual dialogues between Bruno's Spaccio and sixteenth-century political thought and moral literature, from Machiavelli to Luther and Melanchthon, from Leon Battista Alberti to George Buchanan and Alberico Gentili
. The remaining contributions of the first part, with the only exception of L.