Albert II


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Albert II,

1934–, king of the Belgians (1993–2013), the younger son of Leopold IIILeopold III,
1901–83, king of the Belgians (1934–51), son and successor of Albert I. In 1936, Leopold announced a fundamental change in foreign policy; Belgium abandoned its military alliance with France in favor of a return to neutrality.
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. He married Donna Paola Ruffo de Calabria in 1959; they have three children. Albert became king when BaudouinBaudouin
, 1930–93, king of the Belgians (1951–93), son of Leopold III. He joined his father in exile (1945–50) in Switzerland. After their return to Belgium his father's unpopularity led to Baudouin's appointment (1950) as regent, and on Leopold's abdication
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, his brother, died childless. In 2013 he abdicated in favor of his son PhilippePhilippe,
1960–, king of the Belgians (2013–). Eldest son of Albert II, he was educated at the Belgian Royal Military Academy, Oxford, and Stanford. Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz in 1999; they have four children.
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.

Albert II,

1397–1439, Holy Roman Emperor, king of Hungary and Bohemia (1438–39), duke of Austria (1404–38). He was the son-in-law of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, whom he aided against the Hussites of Bohemia. Albert was unable to suppress the Bohemian revolts (see Hussite WarsHussite Wars,
series of conflicts in the 15th cent., caused by the rise of the Hussites in Bohemia and Moravia. It was a religious struggle between Hussites and the Roman Catholic Church, a national struggle between Czechs and Germans, and a social struggle between the landed
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) and subsequently died on a disastrous campaign against the Turks. With Albert began the lasting HapsburgHapsburg
or Habsburg
, ruling house of Austria (1282–1918). Rise to Power

The family, which can be traced to the 10th cent., originally held lands in Alsace and in NW Switzerland. Otto (d.
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 rule over the Holy Roman Empire.

Albert II,

1958–, prince of MonacoMonaco
, officially Principality of Monaco, independent principality (2015 est. pop. 38,000), c.370 acres (150 hectares), on the Mediterranean Sea, an enclave within Alpes-Maritimes dept., SE France, near the Italian border.
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 (2005–), grad. Amherst College (B.A., 1981). A member of the long-ruling Grimaldi family, he is the son of Prince Rainier IIIRainier III
, 1923–2005, prince of Monaco (1949–2005), a member of the Grimaldi family, which has ruled the tiny principality since 1297. Fiercely anti-Nazi, Ranier served with distinction as an officer in the French Army during World War II.
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, upon whose death he succeeded to the throne, and Princess GraceGrace,
1929–82, princess consort of Monaco, b. Philadelphia as Grace Patricia Kelly. She acted on stage and television in New York, and made her film debut in 1951.
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, the former Grace Kelly. The prince, who trained in financial administration in an American investment bank and a French luxury-goods company, is also an avid sportsman who is expert in soccer, judo, and autoracing, a five-time Olympic bobsledder, and the head (1994–) of Monaco's Olympic Committee.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ambassador thanked Prince Albert II and the Government of Monaco for their support and assistance to the Chinese Embassy and his own work during his performance.
WHO IS KING ALBERT II? class="story-body__unordered-list class="story-body__list-itemWas born in 1934 as second in line to the throne.
The Chinese president said the exchange of visits between him and Prince Albert II in about half a year demonstrated the high level of China-Monaco ties.
Xi will hold talks with Prince Albert II during his visit to Monaco and exchange views with him on issues of common concern such as the development of China-Monaco relations.
The Ambassador extended to His Serene Highness Prince Albert II the greetings of His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa, His Royal Highness the Prime Minister, Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al-Khalifa, and His Royal Highness the Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, Prince Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa, wishing the Government and people of the Principality of Monaco further progress and prosperity.
Prince Albert II Monaco at Newcastle University this week Simon Veit-Wilson
'Given that the next four editions of the Olympic Games will be held in significant cities that are part of the C40 network, this collaboration was a natural and fantastic opportunity,' said HSH Prince Albert II. 'Our goal is to make the Olympic Games best fit the longterm needs and objectives of the host cities.
She was with her parents, Princess Charlene and His Serene Highness Prince Albert II, and her twin brother Prince Jacques.
In honor of the 30th anniversary of Luxe Pack Monaco, this year's Luxe Pack in Green award ceremony was held jointly with Prince Albert II of Monaco's Foundation.
THE impact of The Ireland Funds was recognised as Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Prince Albert II of Monaco celebrated donors' generosity.
L'ancien roi des Belges, Albert II, 82 ans, un age oo habituellement on aspire a un repos bien merite, est traine devant la justice pour une sombre affaire de paternite, rapporte l'agence Reuters.