Not those twinkling in the night sky, mind you, but the man-made pentagrams encased in sidewalk cement along Vienna's Linke Wienzeile: * Otto Klemperer * Erich Korngold * Ernst Krenek Antonio * Salieri ik Claudio Monteverdi * Jacques Offenbach * Antonin Dvorak * Joseph Lanner * Albert Lortzing
* Leonard Bernstein * Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart * Emanuel Schikaneder * Ludwig van Beethoven
Far from dull, it is exhaustive, with the final word on every possible facet of opera, literally A to Z; or: Aachen, a town in western Germany where comic-opera composer Albert Lortzing
was engaged as "second lover and tenor" (
A juzgar por la opera Zar y Carpintero, de Albert Lortzing
, donde perdona a un desertor de su ejercito y luego lo nombra capitan, Pedro I de Rusia (1672-1725) debio haber sido un dirigente generoso que llevo el progreso a su nacion.
Apart from Weber, Meyerbeer and Marschner, who fulfilled Vienna's criteria for enjoyment, perhaps the most successful Biedermeier opera composer was the German Albert Lortzing
, whose Zar und Zimmermann, Der Wildschutz and Der Waffenschmied drew enormous audiences, attracted by the clever plots, the humour and the hummable arias.
In 1894, when he was not yet 18, Bruno Schlesinger made his debut as a conductor, leading a performance of the light opera Waffenschmied by Albert Lortzing
Schneider's perceptive analyses of individual works by each composer that he discusses require many pages; therefore, in terms of the total number of pages they receive, three of his subjects - Jean-Baptiste Lully, Rameau, and Gluck - ascend to the upper echelon of stageworthy composers: Lully (45), George Frideric Handel (40, but much within them is contextual information), Gluck (311, Giuseppe Verdi (29), Richard Wagner (28), Rameau (27), Mozart (23), Rossini (20), Franz Lehar (191, Albert Lortzing
and Jacques Offenbach (17 each), Sergey Prokofiev (131, Heinrich Marschner (121, Alban Berg (111, Arnold Schoenberg (101, Vincenzo Bellini, Johann Strauss Jr.