Albert Bruce Sabin

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Sabin, Albert Bruce

(sā`bĭn), 1906–93, American physician and microbiologist, b. Bialystock, Russia, grad. New York Univ. (B.S., 1928; M.D., 1931). He emigrated to the United States in 1921 and was naturalized in 1930. He conducted medical research for several organizations before joining (1939) the faculty at the Univ. of Cincinnati college of medicine; there he became (1946) professor of research pediatrics. He conducted research on viral and other infectious diseases and developed (c.1959) a live-virus vaccine for immunization against poliomyelitispoliomyelitis
, polio,
or infantile paralysis,
acute viral infection, mainly of children but also affecting older persons. There are three immunologic types of poliomyelitis virus, one of which was eradicated in 1999; exposure to one type produces immunity
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. The Sabin vaccine may be taken orally and provides longer immunity than the killed-virus vaccine. Also, the killed-virus vaccine protects only against paralysis, whereas the live vaccine guards against both paralysis and infection.
References in periodicals archive ?
Otro cientifico investigador, Albert Sabin, penso que el uso de una forma atenuada del virus vivo brindaria mayor proteccion que la del virus muerto que usaba Salk.
After Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin, few individuals deserve more credit for polio eradication in the Americas than Ciro de Quadros, the Brazilian epidemiologist who headed the Pan American Health Organization's immunization program from 1977 to 2002.
It was Albert Sabin himself who came to the rescue.
Bernstein is the Albert Sabin Professor of Pediatrics and director of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Cincinnati Children's Hospital, where he directs one of eight National Institutes of Health-funded Vaccine Evaluation Units.
Jonas Salk produced an injectable, killed-virus vaccine; Albert Sabin promoted an oral, live-virus vaccine.
Albert Sabin, developer of the oral live virus polio vaccine, who envisioned the enormous potential of vaccines to prevent deadly diseases.
Stringer, Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry and Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, ML 524, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA; fax: 513-558-8474; e-mail: stringjr@ucmail.
And in the June 1 NATURE, researchers at the University of Reading in England and two other British institutions describe a promising vaccine made from an HIV protein bound to a strain of poliovirus developed by Albert Sabin, the virologist who once raced Salk to develop the first polio vaccine.
Albert Sabin, who envisioned the enormous potential of vaccines to prevent deadly disease.
Developed by Albert Sabin and used widely in the United States since 1962, the vaccine has virtually eliminated the disease in this country.
The Expo will be held at the Albert Sabin Convention Center in Cincinnati, Ohio.
AMEX:EZR) today announced that the first annual Easyriders V-Twin Trade Expo held last month at Hall C of the Albert Sabin Convention Center in Cincinnati, was completely sold out to capacity.