Albert Speer


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Speer, Albert

(äl`bĕrt shpār), 1905–81, German architect and National Socialist (Nazi) leader. A member of the Nazi party from 1931, he became its official architect after Hitler came to power. His grandiose but coldly eclectic designs include the stadium at Nuremberg (1934). A highly efficient organizer, Speer became (1942) minister for armaments, succeeding the engineer Fritz Todt. In 1943 he also took over part of Hermann Goering's responsibilities as planner of the German war economy. From Todt, Speer inherited the Organisation Todt (OT), an organization using forced labor for the construction of strategic roads and defenses. Under Speer's direction, economic production reached its peak in 1944, despite Allied bombardment. In the last months of the war Speer did much to thwart Hitler's scorched-earth policy, which would have devastated Germany. Largely because of the OT's wide use of slave labor, Speer was sentenced (1946) to imprisonment for 20 years by the Nuremberg war-crimes tribunal. He was released from Spandau war crimes prison in 1966.

Bibliography

See his memoirs, Inside the Third Reich (tr. 1970); biographies by W. Hamsher (1970), G. Sereny (1995), and J. Fest (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Albert Speer in his job as Hitler's Minister of Production and Armaments was approached by the top German scientists.
Hago esto, sin embargo, acudiendo a un contexto mas amplio que aquel descrito por Sereny en su libro; es decir, a un contexto que trasciende la biografia personal de Albert Speer y situa su relacion con Hitler, mas bien, atendiendo a algunos de los rasgos que caracterizaron a la Alemania nazi.
Built in 1942 according to plans by Albert Speer, Hitler s favourite architect, the bunker was designed to protect 2,500 people from aerial bombing during World War II.
Indeed, the contemporary 'spectacle' of the Games could be said to have arisen when Albert Speer art-directed them for Adolf Hitler; unless you're a real sportophile, then very likely your earliest visual reference point for the Games is Berlin 1936.
But even Albert Speer, Hitler's chief architect, said the work of Bomber Command was decisive in the Nazis' destruction.
She moved to the UK in the 1950s, wrote books on Nazi architect and armaments minister Albert Speer and Bell.
At the Nuremberg Trials, Albert Speer, former Nazi minister of armaments, admitted the Germans' costly, two-year effort to construct Atlantic defences had been "brought to nothing because of an idea of simple genius".
The makeshift harbour was one of the greatest military achievements of all time and its development was dubbed by Albert Speer, Hitler's architect and armaments minister - as 'genius'.
Now comes news that the chief architect behind the $140 billion (not a typo) plan to hold the World Cup in Qatar ten yearswe're talking a dozen air-conditioned outdoor stadiums (and perhaps extremely harsh penalties for vuvuzela-blowing?)is Albert Speer, Jr.
They are held in the elegant dining room and such diverse characters as Spiro Agnew, Prince Charles, Dame Edna Everage, Alger Hiss, Albert Speer, and Dame Maggie Smith join in the frivolity.
Hitler's engineers; Fritz Todt and Albert Speer, master builders of the Third Reich.