Albert Speer


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Speer, Albert

(äl`bĕrt shpār), 1905–81, German architect and National Socialist (Nazi) leader. A member of the Nazi party from 1931, he became its official architect after Hitler came to power. His grandiose but coldly eclectic designs include the stadium at Nuremberg (1934). A highly efficient organizer, Speer became (1942) minister for armaments, succeeding the engineer Fritz Todt. In 1943 he also took over part of Hermann Goering's responsibilities as planner of the German war economy. From Todt, Speer inherited the Organisation Todt (OT), an organization using forced labor for the construction of strategic roads and defenses. Under Speer's direction, economic production reached its peak in 1944, despite Allied bombardment. In the last months of the war Speer did much to thwart Hitler's scorched-earth policy, which would have devastated Germany. Largely because of the OT's wide use of slave labor, Speer was sentenced (1946) to imprisonment for 20 years by the Nuremberg war-crimes tribunal. He was released from Spandau war crimes prison in 1966.

Bibliography

See his memoirs, Inside the Third Reich (tr. 1970); biographies by W. Hamsher (1970), G. Sereny (1995), and J. Fest (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Hago esto, sin embargo, acudiendo a un contexto mas amplio que aquel descrito por Sereny en su libro; es decir, a un contexto que trasciende la biografia personal de Albert Speer y situa su relacion con Hitler, mas bien, atendiendo a algunos de los rasgos que caracterizaron a la Alemania nazi.
But even Albert Speer, Hitler's chief architect, said the work of Bomber Command was decisive in the Nazis' destruction.
She moved to the UK in the 1950s, wrote books on Nazi architect and armaments minister Albert Speer and Bell.
At the Nuremberg Trials, Albert Speer, former Nazi minister of armaments, admitted the Germans' costly, two-year effort to construct Atlantic defences had been "brought to nothing because of an idea of simple genius".
The makeshift harbour was one of the greatest military achievements of all time and its development was dubbed by Albert Speer, Hitler's architect and armaments minister - as 'genius'.
The Desert Dreams of German Architect Albert Speer [Der Spiegel] Earlier: Because Nothing Says 'Soccer' Like 'Qatar'
They are held in the elegant dining room and such diverse characters as Spiro Agnew, Prince Charles, Dame Edna Everage, Alger Hiss, Albert Speer, and Dame Maggie Smith join in the frivolity.
Hitler's engineers; Fritz Todt and Albert Speer, master builders of the Third Reich.
La historia se armo gracias a las memorias de Albert Speer, quien fuera el arquitecto del regimen nazi y por los recuerdos de Tradul Junge, una bella alemana que fue la secretaria de este loco que gustaba de aparecer con uniformes militares.
Jackson, Roman Andreyevich Rudenko, Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim yon Ribbentrop, Albert Speer, Alfred Jodl.
generator at Auschwitz, while, at the call of Albert Speer,
He relies heavily on the accounts of Albert Speer, Minister of Armaments from 1942, for the German perspective on many of the issues relating to the air campaign, something which seems unwise given the questions about Speer's veracity recently raised by Joachim Fest, Dan ver der Vat, Gitta Sereny, and other writers.