Albert the Bear


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Albert the Bear,

c.1100–1170, first margrave of Brandenburg (1150–70). He was a loyal vassal of Holy Roman Emperor Lothair II, who, as duke of Saxony, helped him take (1123) Lower Lusatia and the eastern march of Saxony. Albert lost these lands in 1131. He was rewarded (1134) for his share in Lothair's first Italian campaign with the North March. Calling himself margrave of Brandenburg as early as 1136 or 1142, he used the North March as a base for campaigns against the Wends, a pagan Slavic people. Invested (1138) with Saxony by Conrad III, Lothair's successor, he was expelled from the dukedom by Henry the ProudHenry the Proud,
c.1108–1139, duke of Bavaria (1126–38) and of Saxony (1137–38). A member of the Guelph family, he inherited the duchy of Bavaria and enormous private wealth.
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, whom Conrad had deprived of the duchy. Albert later made peace (1142) with Henry the LionHenry the Lion,
1129–95, duke of Saxony (1142–80) and of Bavaria (1156–80); son of Henry the Proud. His father died (1139) while engaged in a war to regain his duchies, and it was not until 1142 that Henry the Lion became duke of Saxony.
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, son of Henry the Proud. He took part in the Wendish Crusade of 1147, but preferred more conciliatory methods of dealing with his pagan neighbors. As a result he inherited (1150) Brandenburg from its last Wendish prince. Albert's achievements in Christianizing and Germanizing NE Germany were important.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Albert the Bear

 

(Albrecht der Bär), born circa 1100; died Nov. 18, 1170. Became first margrave of Brandenburg in 1150; member of the house of Ascanians.

Upon receiving the lien of the North March from the emperor Lothar III, Albert began his conquest of the lands of the Liutich Slavs. With this aim, he took part in the abortive Crusade of 1147 against the Slavs. In 1150, after the death of Prince Pribyslav of the Havelland, Albert seized Branibor, the chief center of the Havelland. Albert the Bear’s conquests were accompanied by extermination and forced Christianization of the local populace and colonization by settlers from Germany and the Netherlands.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spring awakens Albert the bear from his slumber, making him want to seek out his favorite tree.
Until recently the 16-acre site remained home to a group of hardy 18- to 21-year-old pensioners, including Tuscan Dawn, who set the Deuters' red, white and blue colours on their way by winning first time out, Albert The Bear and Smolensk - who are back from time out teaching youngsters at the Northern Racing College - and Selhurstpark Flyer himself.
Jack Berry can have the last word on his `Red Shirt' night at Pontefract by taking the final event on the card, the Weatherbys Injured Jockeys Fund Classified Stakes with Albert The Bear.
Albert The Bear can complete a quick double in the Hamilton Park Amateur Sprint Series Final at the Scottish track.
Wright won on Cantina with Darley third on Albert The Bear.
The draw is always an imponderable but with speedy Albert The Bear berthed nearby there should be plenty of pace alongside Solar Storm.
He had a skinner with third placed Superior Premium and Albert The Bear, who finished fifth - as well as some publicity on Channel 4.
He has decided to accept the seven-day suspension he was handed for adjudged irresponsible riding on Albert The Bear, who was disqualified from third place in a seven-and-a-halurlong handicap for causing interference.
Jack Berry's speedy Albert The Bear (3.15) can continue his love affair with Chester.
Albert The Bear was due to have been partnered by John Carroll, but he gave up his rides at the Yorkshire track after sustaining a hand injury at Musselburgh.
Both of Albert The Bear's successes last term came at this idiosyncratic course, including a success in this contest where the son of Puissance handed out a three-length beating to Knobbleneeze.
Ted Durcan was fined pounds 150 for not keeping Albert The Bear straight to the marker pole.