Fernando Pessoa

(redirected from Alberto Caeiro)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pessoa, Fernando


Born June 13, 1888, in Lisbon; died there Sept. 30, 1935. Portuguese poet.

Pessoa entered the faculty of philology at the University of Lisbon in 1905. He did not complete his studies there but devoted himself to journalism and literature. In 1915 he became the head of Orpheu, a group of modernist poets. During Pessoa’s life only one of his verse collections, Mensagem (1933), was published. Posthumously such collections as Poesias de Álvaro de Campos (1944), Poemas de Alberto Caeiro (1946), and Odes de Ricardo Reis (1946) appeared.

Pessoa’s poetic mastery and his ability to convey the most subtle nuances of thought and feeling made him one of the most important Portuguese poets.


Obras completas, vols. 1-5. Lisbon, 1942–46.
Obra poética. Rio de Janeiro, 1960.


Prado Coelho, J. do. Diversidade e unidade en Fernando Pessoa. Lisbon, 1949.
Simõ es, J. G. Vida e obra de Fernando Pessoa, vols. 1-2. Lisbon [1950].
Silva, A. da. Um Fernando Pessoa. Portalegre, 1959.
Moreira Duarte, J. A. Fernando Pessoa e os caminhos da solidão. Belo Horizonte, 1968.
Sacramento, M. F. Pessoa—poeta da hora absurda, 2nd ed. Porto, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To learn from a poem a reader ought to enter into what Fernando Pessoa's Alberto Caeiro would call "apprenticeship of unlearning" (1969, 217).
Acreditando que a heteronimia sao etopeias construidas com tal arte, de tal forma sublime, que dao vazao a inumeras interpretacoes, e que me esforco por trazer essa discussao retorica ao cenario pessoano, bem como a da paixao que alimenta Alberto Caeiro.
Pessoa's most important works in addition to Livro do Desassossego are posthumously edited collections including Poesias de Fernando Pessoa (1942), Poesias de Alvaro de Campos (1944), Poemas de Alberto Caeiro (1946), Odes de Ricardo Reis (1946), Poesia, Alexander Search (1999), Quadras (2002), Poesia, 1918-1930 (2005), and Poesia, 1930-1935 (2006).
(For Frederick Wyatt see Eu Sou Uma Antologia 359-70.) The literary term "heteronymismo" is a concept that he only formalized in 1928 and that distinguishes his works (obra orthonyma) from that of the main fictional authors other than himself who came into being in about 1914 (viz., Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis and Alvaro de Campos), each with his own literary and philosophical idiosyncrasies, personal traits (e.g., occupation, calligraphy and horoscope), diction and individual practice of poetic meter and poetic rhythm.
During one 'unrepeatable night', Pessoa gave life to the young shepherd Alberto Caeiro, who is perhaps the exact specular image of the Baron of Teive.