Fernando Pessoa

(redirected from Alberto Caeiro)

Pessoa, Fernando


Born June 13, 1888, in Lisbon; died there Sept. 30, 1935. Portuguese poet.

Pessoa entered the faculty of philology at the University of Lisbon in 1905. He did not complete his studies there but devoted himself to journalism and literature. In 1915 he became the head of Orpheu, a group of modernist poets. During Pessoa’s life only one of his verse collections, Mensagem (1933), was published. Posthumously such collections as Poesias de Álvaro de Campos (1944), Poemas de Alberto Caeiro (1946), and Odes de Ricardo Reis (1946) appeared.

Pessoa’s poetic mastery and his ability to convey the most subtle nuances of thought and feeling made him one of the most important Portuguese poets.


Obras completas, vols. 1-5. Lisbon, 1942–46.
Obra poética. Rio de Janeiro, 1960.


Prado Coelho, J. do. Diversidade e unidade en Fernando Pessoa. Lisbon, 1949.
Simõ es, J. G. Vida e obra de Fernando Pessoa, vols. 1-2. Lisbon [1950].
Silva, A. da. Um Fernando Pessoa. Portalegre, 1959.
Moreira Duarte, J. A. Fernando Pessoa e os caminhos da solidão. Belo Horizonte, 1968.
Sacramento, M. F. Pessoa—poeta da hora absurda, 2nd ed. Porto, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
Part of the fascination of the Pessoan archives lies in the coexistence of multiple documents attributed to different characters with fictitious biographies: Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis, Alvaro de Campos, Bernardo Soares, Antonio Mora, Alexander Search, Jean Seul de Meluret, among others.
3 of Portuguese Literary and Cultural Studies, dedicated to Alberto Caeiro (entitled, 'Pessoa's Alberto Caeiro').
Roughly twenty years earlier, according to Pessoa's account, Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis, and Alvaro de Campos were "born," much like Athena, in full possession of their poetic faculties, producing a variety of works in strikingly different styles.
In order to explain what has made her transgress into such dangerous territory, Maria Lisboa quotes a phrase by Alberto Caeiro, one of the four heteronyms of the Portuguese poet, Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935), one of the greatest in Portuguese literature: 'How difficult it is to be oneself and see nothing except what is visible'.
Especially convincing is his later argument that Pessoa's heteronym Alberto Caeiro engages in a dismissive dialogue with the English poet Alice Meynell, adopting an opposition that mirrors Ruskin's to the 'pathetic fallacy'.
remarkable poetry heteronyms he created, Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis,
As in Broch's Death of Virgil (though far more compressed), Tabucchi conveys the marvelous sense of a whole life as the modern Portuguese poet conjures imaginary conversations with a handful of old friends: Alvaro de Campos, Ricardo Reis, Alberto Caeiro, Bernardo Soares, and Antonio Mora.
Vidigal included eight poems (in the original Portuguese): three by Pessoa-himself, two from Mensagem, one by Alvaro de Campos, one by Alberto Caeiro and an ode by Ricardo Reis.
At a crucial point, even the master heteronym Alberto Caeiro speaks from the other side of the mirror and confirms that names are only illusions, when he writes:
E o que se seguiu foi o aparecimento de alguem em mim, a quem dei desde logo o nome de Alberto Caeiro.
Although her references to history underpin all of her readings, she also consults the novels of Jane Austen, the poetry of Fernando Pessoa's Alberto Caeiro, the short stories of Raymond Carver and Karen Blixen.
The genesis of the process developed over two years between 1912, when the poet began writing poems with diverse themes and form quite different from those he had produced thus far, and 1914, when he created the first heteronym, Alberto Caeiro.