Alberto Giacometti


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Giacometti, Alberto

(älbĕr`tō jäkōmĕt`tē), 1901–66, Swiss sculptor and painter; son of the impressionist painter Giovannia Giacometti; b. Stampa. He settled in Paris in 1922, studying with BourdelleBourdelle, Émile Antoine
, 1861–1929, French sculptor; son of a cabinetmaker of Montauban. He went to Paris in 1884, where he studied successively under Falguière, Dalou, and Rodin.
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 and becoming associated first with the cubists and then the surrealists (see cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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; surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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). His Slaughtered Woman (1932; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City), for example, is a violent surrealist work. Giacometti abandoned surrealist images in 1935. In the 1930s and thereafter, he created highly original sculptures of elongated, emaciated human figures, usually in bronze. He also made open cagelike structures (e.g., The Palace at 4 AM, 1933; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) that were equally powerful.

Giacometti's haunting, anguished images have been described as perfect expressions of existentialist pessimism. In the early 1940s he created works on a drastically reduced scale. In his later years he again formed tall, slender, roughly worked figures that are among his most impressive sculptures. In his mature work, he concentrated on three basic themes for his attenuated figures—the seated portrait, the walking man, and the standing female nude, the latter two often with tiny shrunken heads and enormous, rooted feet. Giacometti's imagery and his plastic technique have had an extensive influence on modern sculpture. Many of his oil paintings and drawings, notably his portraits with their delicate, weblike tangle of lines, are also works of great distinction.

Bibliography

See biography by J. Lord (1985); catalog of the Museum of Modern Art (1965); drawings ed. by J. Lord (1971); J. Lord, Giacometti Portrait (1965), studies by R. Hohl (1971) and D. Sylvester (1996).

Giacometti, Alberto

 

Born Oct. 10, 1901, in Stampa; died Jan. 11, 1966, in Chur. Swiss sculptor and painter.

Giacometti studied at the Ecole des Arts et Metiers in Geneva from 1919 to 1920 and at the Académie de la Grande-Chaumiere in Paris under E. A. Bourdelle from 1922 to 1925. Experimenting initially with cubism, he was influenced by surrealism between 1929 and 1935. Giacometti is best known for his works executed from 1940 to 1960. These include extremely thin elongated sculptured figures bordering on the irrational (for example, City Square, 1948-49, bronze, Public Art Collection, Basel), rough-textured busts, oil and graphic portraits, landscapes, and still lifes. The spiritual loneliness of man in a bourgeois world is distinctly conveyed by the tragic solitude of Giacomettïs images.

References in periodicals archive ?
William Hill: 9-4 Refuse To Bend, 9-2 Alamshar, 8-1 Brian Boru, 12-1 Alberto Giacometti, Catcher In The Rye, 20-1 bar.
Alberto Giacometti had finished third, beaten a length and three-quarters, behind that horse in the Prix Lupin on his latest start.
William Hill: 11-4 Refuse To Bend, 7-2 Brian Boru, 4-1 Alamshar, 16-1 Alberto Giacometti, The Great Gatsby, 20-1 Dutch Gold, Franklins Gardens, Lateen Sails, Magistretti, 25-1 Hold That Tiger, Kris Kin, Norse Dancer, Shield, 33-1 New South Wales, 40-1 bar.
Alberto Giacometti became a leading fancy for the Derby following his Criterium de Saint-Cloud victory, but although not disgraced at the top level, he was unable to win again.
O'Brien left in both Alberto Giacometti and Balestrini, third and fourth in the Lupin respectively, were left in at the probables stage but he has indicated the pair may bypass the race in favour of the Derby.
Dalakhani will be an odds-on favourite to win the French Derby for the Aga Khan and Andre Fabre on Sunday, a race for which Alberto Giacometti was expected to challenge.
There's nothing between Brian Boru and Alberto Giacometti in terms of times," he added.
Sold to race in the US, Alberto Giacometti was transferred to Laura de Seroux in California, But after finishing tenth in the Hollywood Derby, injury prevented him running again.
VODAFONE DERBY, William Hill: 7-2 Alam-shar, 5-1 Brian Boru, 8-1 Refuse To Bend, 10-1 Hold That Tiger, 16-1 Alberto Giacometti, Muqbil, New South Wales, 20-1 Chevalier, Lateen Sails, 25-1 Powerscourt, Songlark, 33-1 bar.
UNBEATEN Alberto Giacometti was all the rage yesterday for the Derby.
In his new preface to these meditations on painting (mostly what he calls "classical art," from Byzantium to Mantegna, along with such Moderns as Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Balthus and - exceptionally - Edward Hopper, as well as an introduction to the photographs of Henri Cartier-Bresson), he acknowledges the problem: "'What are these essays about?
AIDAN O'BRIEN goes for his third win in four years in the Group 1 Criterium de Saint-Cloud today when Yehudi bids to follow the example of Ballingarry and Alberto Giacometti, writes Desmond Stoneham.