Elburz

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Elburz

(ĕlbo͝orz`), mountain range, N Iran, between the Caspian Sea and the central Iranian plateau; rises to 18,606 ft (5,671 m) at Mt. Damavand. The range consists of steep, narrow, parallel ridges crossed only by the Safid Rud, whose valley forms the main trans-Elburz route. The northern slopes of the Elburz are rainy and forested; the southern slope is semiarid. Snowcapped water peaks provide seasonal meltwater, which is used for irrigation and industry.

Elburz

 

mountains in northern Iran, on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The Elburz lies adjacent to the Talish Mountains in the west and the Neyshabur Mountains in the east, forming the northern border of the Iran Plateau. The mountains extend approximately 900 km and consist of several parallel ranges. They vary in elevation from 2,000 m to 3,500 m and are composed mainly of limestones and sandstones. The volcano Demavend, rising 5,604 m, is Iran’s highest point. It is composed of andesitic lavas and is topped by glaciers.

The ravine of the Safid River cuts through the entire Elburz. The northern slopes, which receive 2,000 mm of precipitation a year, contain broad-leaved Hyrcanian forests that include oak, acacias, and hackberry, as well as mountain steppes and meadows. On the southern, drier slopes are thorny, xerophytic shrubs. There are deposits of coal and lead-zinc ore.

References in periodicals archive ?
The quake was felt in the provinces of Tehran, Alborz, Qom, Qazvin, Markazi and Gilan.
Minister of Economic Affairs and Finance, Masoud Karbasian, said, 'The privatisation of insurance companies is a must and as I personally believe that the three insurance companies owned by the government [Asia, Alborz and Dana] must be divested, I will vigorously follow up this process.
Our samples from Alborz (= Elburz) and Zagros clustered with the Caucasian haplotypes.
A 2D seismic survey of Alborz had been done by an Iran-based consortium of Shell, Lasmo (now part of ENI) and the Khazar Exploration and Production Co.
The cruise is expected to include Iran's ski destinations Dizin in the Alborz mountain range, as well as hot springs in the north or west of the country.
Authorities said there may be more casualties in the provinces of Tehran, Alborz and Qazvin.
The accident occurred between Tehran and the Caspian Sea in the Alborz mountains.
The position of the Cambrian-Ordovician boundary in the Alborz Region, northern Iran, was a matter of controversy for almost half a century since the publication of the pioneering paper by Stocklin et al.
Then, Alborz in north Iran (Arian and Pourkermani 2004; Feizi et al.
Zagros region is an active fold and thrust belt [7,4,2,3], same to Alborz [7,8] and Central Iran [20,19].
The solar power plant was launched in the city of Malard, Alborz province.
The 28th Flotilla comprising Alborz destroyer, Bandar Abbas helicopter-carrier warship, which is carrying the 212 combat choppers, and the Tareq-class submarine, Younes, will continue its mission towards another important port in Southeast Asia after leaving the Mumbai port .