Elburz

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Elburz

(ĕlbo͝orz`), mountain range, N Iran, between the Caspian Sea and the central Iranian plateau; rises to 18,606 ft (5,671 m) at Mt. Damavand. The range consists of steep, narrow, parallel ridges crossed only by the Safid Rud, whose valley forms the main trans-Elburz route. The northern slopes of the Elburz are rainy and forested; the southern slope is semiarid. Snowcapped water peaks provide seasonal meltwater, which is used for irrigation and industry.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Elburz

 

mountains in northern Iran, on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The Elburz lies adjacent to the Talish Mountains in the west and the Neyshabur Mountains in the east, forming the northern border of the Iran Plateau. The mountains extend approximately 900 km and consist of several parallel ranges. They vary in elevation from 2,000 m to 3,500 m and are composed mainly of limestones and sandstones. The volcano Demavend, rising 5,604 m, is Iran’s highest point. It is composed of andesitic lavas and is topped by glaciers.

The ravine of the Safid River cuts through the entire Elburz. The northern slopes, which receive 2,000 mm of precipitation a year, contain broad-leaved Hyrcanian forests that include oak, acacias, and hackberry, as well as mountain steppes and meadows. On the southern, drier slopes are thorny, xerophytic shrubs. There are deposits of coal and lead-zinc ore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following comprehensive intelligence activities, the police forces of the province seized 1.4 tons of illicit drugs in a joint operation with police forces of Tehran and Alborz provinces, Colonel Hassani said today.
Caption: FORESTS--The Hyrcanian forests cover the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains--but half of the area has been lost since World War II.
Minister of Economic Affairs and Finance, Masoud Karbasian, said, 'The privatisation of insurance companies is a must and as I personally believe that the three insurance companies owned by the government [Asia, Alborz and Dana] must be divested, I will vigorously follow up this process.'
Our samples from Alborz (= Elburz) and Zagros clustered with the Caucasian haplotypes.
"The 34th Fleet is comprised of the Bushehr logistic vessel and Alborz destroyer, and will conduct a three-month mission," the commander said, adding that the fleet had departed from Iran's southern port city of Bandar Abbas.
31 August 2016 - 04:00 $1.6bn contracts in industries, mines sectors after JCPOA Nematzadeh told Alborz Province Administrative Council session that despite restrictions, the 11th government had successfully managed commissioning of 6,000 development projects and operation of 9,000 new industrial units.
However, the block is also being claimed by Iran which calls that area Alborz. On July 23, 2001, an Iranian navy gun-boat forced two BP-operated survey vessels in the area to return to port.
It said they were fired in Iran's eastern Alborz mountain range to hit a target some 1,400 kms (870 miles) away off Iran's coast into the Sea of Oman.
The cruise is expected to include Iran's ski destinations Dizin in the Alborz mountain range, as well as hot springs in the north or west of the country.
Authorities said there may be more casualties in the provinces of Tehran, Alborz and Qazvin.
The accident occurred between Tehran and the Caspian Sea in the Alborz mountains.
The position of the Cambrian-Ordovician boundary in the Alborz Region, northern Iran, was a matter of controversy for almost half a century since the publication of the pioneering paper by Stocklin et al.