And do not, therefore, adorn me with smaller wreaths, because I was afraid to alter the measures and artistic design of the song: manly Sappho tempers her muse through the metre of Archilochus; Alcaeus
likewise, but differs in his subjects and arrangement .
, for example, Aphrodite appears "when the gates of spring are opened" (Fragment 296b) and in Theognis "Love rises in season, when the burgeoning earth blooms with spring flowers" (1275-76).
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The poets Tyrtaeus, Archilochus, and Alcaeus
, the historians Thucydides and Polybius, the philosopher Melissus, the playwright Sophocles: all were soldiers, most of them commanders.
He also discusses political and personal life on the island, Sappho's family, and her contemporary Alcaeus
7-12, as a cluster, embody the multifaceted approach inherent in Horace's lyric mastery in the same way as the Parade Odes display his metrical attainment, (7) or the Roman Odes his achievement as the Roman alternative to the Greek lyric poet, Alcaeus
6) All italicised quotations can be found in the volume Greek Lyric I: Sappho, Alcaeus
, David A Campbell (ed.
is dead, I will take poison--and I saw myself going to Xerxes, our Persian chemist, and asking for the powder.
And yet the poetic remains of Archilochus, Tyrtaeus, Alcaeus
and a handful of others he mines assiduously (and in my opinion correctly), in the confidence that we are in the presence of first-hand and for the most part reliable witnesses.
Using the common lyrical motif of romantic desire, the poem is structured by a series of gazes: in stanzas one and two the speaker, Alcaeus
, looks on the maiden, Sappho, to register himself in her, that it is his gaze that "sent the flush / Into [her] cheek" (7-8).
presents a major problem for the translator: how can one hope to re-echo in English the notes first sounded for Hellenes by the likes of Alcaeus
and Plato, marvelously resounded by Tsirkas' great contemporaries Kazantzakis and Seferis?
For example, more than 2,500 years ago, the Greek lyric poet Alcaeus
suggested drinking as a way to cope with distress: "We must not let our spirits give way to grief.