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(Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ, A major manufacturer of telecommunications equipment. Lucent makes telephones and telephone systems, large telephone switching computers and integrated circuits and optoelectronics components for communications and computer applications.

The company has a long history in the telecom arena. Its roots go back to 1869 when Elisha Gray and Enos Barton founded Gray and Barton in Cleveland, Ohio, a company that provided parts and models for inventors such as Gray himself. Gray and Barton was later renamed Western Electric Company when Western Union, its major customer, became an investor.

In 1881, American Bell Telephone purchased controlling interest in Western Electric, which became the manufacturing arm of the Bell companies. In 1899, AT&T, which was created 14 years earlier, took over American Bell and Western Electric. In 1925, the already-combined engineering departments of Western Electric and AT&T were turned into Bell Labs, which has become world famous for its research. A year later, Western Electric spun off its electrical distribution operations as Graybar Electric Company, which became the first large company to be bought out by its own employees.

Over the years, the company ushered in the electronic age by developing the vacuum tube. It also invented the loudspeaker, brought sound to motion pictures and introduced mobile communications, the forerunner of today's cellular system. When AT&T was divested of its Bell operating companies in 1984, Western Electric remained with AT&T, but was soon split up into a variety of divisions, including Network Systems, which builds the major switching and telecom equipment. When spun off from AT&T in 1996, Lucent retained all of AT&T's manufacturing units as well as Bell Labs.

In late 2006, Lucent merged with Paris-based Alcatel forming a new entity named Alcatel-Lucent. In early 2007, the new company announced it had acquired Nortel's UMTS radio access business to forward its network development of 3G to 4G technologies. See OFS.

Lucent Has History
Although a new company in 1996, Lucent goes way back, spawning Bell Labs and Graybar Electric and inventing or developing some of the most important technologies in the western world. (Image courtesy of Lucent Technologies.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
As previously reported, Nokia is offering a consideration of 0.5500 Nokia shares in exchange for each Alcatel-Lucent share and Alcatel-Lucent ADS and such number of Nokia shares in exchange for one OCEANE that is based on the exchange ratio of 0.5500 Nokia shares per each Alcatel-Lucent share which would be issuable upon conversion or exchangeable upon exchange of the OCEANE at the conversion/exchange ratio which will apply on the opening date of the Exchange Offer.
Nokia Corporation will have unparalleled innovation capabilities, with Alcatel-Lucent's Bell Labs and Nokia's FutureWorks, as well as Nokia Technologies, which will stay as a separate entity with a clear focus on licensing and the incubation of new technologies.
where Alcatel-Lucent does volume business with AT&T and Verizon.
Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise will continue to invest and innovate in the core markets where it is already recognized as an undisputed leader, namely enterprise communications and networking - while exploring new market opportunities in select, high-growth countries, vertical solutions and cloud services.
Suresh, Head of the Management Services Division at Jumbo Electronics stated, "It has been an absolute pleasure to have been associated with Alcatel-Lucent. Their frequent customer visits to the Jumbo offices and focused commitment into training our staff easily makes them our ideal IT partners.
Alcatel-Lucent's 100G optical coherent technology leverages unique Bell Labs silicon innovations to support data speeds of 100 gigabits-per-second on each of the 88 wavelengths of an optical fiber, significantly boosting network capacity and performance.
Alcatel-Lucent supplies telecom operators and corporations the technology for building global communications networks.
Another aspect of the SDN strategy is VMware certification of Alcatel-Lucent's OmniVista 2500 Virtual Machine Manager.
With operations in more than 130 countries and one of the most experienced global services organizations in the industry, Alcatel-Lucent is a local partner with global reach.
"With millions of people looking to us to access the full range of online content, we see Alcatel-Lucent's 400G innovation as the gateway to a long, successful future." "Alcatel-Lucent's next generation coherent optical engine exemplifies the coupling of Bell Labs advanced research and the company's 100G commercial market experiences," said Sterling Perrin, Heavy Reading Senior Analyst.
Wim Sweldens, president of Alcatel-Lucent's Wireless division said: "With lightRadio Wi-Fi, Alcatel-Lucent gives service providers new options to meet consumers' fast-growing broadband requirements.