Alcedinidae


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Alcedinidae

[‚al·sə′din·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The kingfishers, a worldwide family of colorful birds in the order Coraciiformes; characterized by large heads, short necks, and heavy, pointed bills.

Alcedinidae

 

a family of birds of the order Coraciiformes. The body is from 16 to 47 cm long. It has a large head, a long, straight beak, and short legs. The coloration consists of various combinations of white, gray, black, rust, and blue; the beak is black or red. The 88 species are distributed widely, but are found primarily in tropical regions. The common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) nests in the USSR; it is possible that the great pied kingfisher (Ceryle lugubris) nests in the southern Kuril Islands. Three species migrate to the Primor’e and Transcaucasian regions. The birds live along the banks of rivers and lakes; there are also forest and semidesert species. The kingfisher feeds on small fish and aquatic insects; the tropical species also eat rodents and reptiles. They nest in burrows or tree hollows. The common kingfisher nests in a burrow along river banks, its clutch containing six to nine eggs. Some kingfishers winter on rivers that do not freeze over.

References in periodicals archive ?
Numeros de Grupo ecologico especies en: Familias CHI JIR CAP Aves acuaticas 21 13 27 Phalacrocoracidae, Anhingidae, Ardeidae, Threskiomithidae, Anatidae, Pandionidae, Heliomithidae, Eurypygidae, Rallidae, Jacanidae, Charadriidae, Scolopacidae, Laridae, Alcedinidae Aves de caza 15 4 13 Tinamidae, Cracidae, Odonto horidae, Psophiidae Rapaces diurnas 16 11 15 Accipitridae, Falconidae Aves "aereas" 13 13 13 Cathartidae, Apodidae, Hirundinidae Aves nocturnas 8 8 9 Strigidae, Steatornithidae, Nyctibiidae, Caprimulgidae Aves nectarivoras 17 13 11 Trochilidae, Fam.
Four of these families are to be found in Mediterranean climates: two, the Alcedinidae, or kingfishers, and the Meropidae, or bee-eaters, are closely allied to the Todidae and the Momotidae of the West Indies and tropical America.
5 Coraciiformes ALCEDINIDAE Ceryle torquatus (Linnaeus, 1766) - - Chloroceryle amazona (Latham, 1790) - - Chloroceryle americana (Gmelin, 1788) - - MOMOTIDAE Baryphthengus ruficapillus - 9.