The medical and health practitioners of the new millennium are greatly indebted to the efforts made by the pioneers like Herophilus (Alexandr2:34 PMia, Egypt), (1) Alcmaeon
Greek Theories of Elementary Cognition from Alcmaeon
Philosopher and physician Alcmaeon
, disciple of Pythagoras (6th-5th centuries BC), Aristotle and some others did dissections.
James Longrigg, Greek Rational Medicine: Philosophy and Medicine from Alcmaeon
to the Alexandrians (New York: Routledge, 1993), p.
It was the Greek philosopher and physician Alcmaeon
who popularized the theory that the brain perceives sensation and is responsible for thought and memory--reminiscent of the mind-body connection we still talk about today.
500 BCE: Alcmaeon
, Croton, Greece, observes when he dissects animals that arteries and veins are dissimilar.
of Croton, a contemporary of Pythagoras, favoured the head (and brain), as did Diogenes and Democritus.
Dante continues to expand the associative meanings of Briareos by mentioning Niobe, Saul, Arachne, Rehoboam, Alcmaeon
, Sennacherib, Tomyris and Cyrus, and Holofernes(Purg.
Two centuries prior to Aristotle in the fifth century BC, Alcmaeon
of Croton, a disciple of Pythagoras, declared by some to be the true father of medicine, not Hippocrates, taught that the brain was the central receiving organ of all our senses.
Colin Teevan's adaptation of Euripides' lost play, Alcmaeon
In Corinth, is based on a smattering of fragments that have survived the 2,000 years since its creation.
After 16 years away, Alcmaeon
returns home to Corinth to retrieve the ancient necklace of Harmonia for his new wife.
This was the late suffered by both the mythological characters Orestes and Alcmaeon
, who killed their mothers to avenge their fathers.