Alcmaeon


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Alcmaeon

(ălkmē`ən), in Greek legend, son of Amphiaraüs and Eriphyle, a leader of the expedition of the EpigoniEpigoni
, in Greek legend, the sons of the Seven against Thebes, who avenged the death of their fathers. Under the leadership of Adrastus and Alcmaeon, the Epigoni conquered Thebes 10 years after the Seven had fought alongside Polynices for the throne of Thebes.
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 against Thebes. He murdered his mother in revenge for his father's death and consequently was haunted by the Erinyes until he found haven on Achelous' island. There he married Callirrhoë, daughter of Achelous, and lived in peace until his wife demanded the sacred robe and necklace of Harmonia, which were in the possession of his former wife Arsinoë. When he tried to regain them from Arsinoë, her brothers killed him.
References in classic literature ?
Now, the best tragedies are founded on the story of a few houses, on the fortunes of Alcmaeon, Oedipus, Orestes, Meleager, Thyestes, Telephus, and those others who have done or suffered something terrible.
386): "[...] Empedocles, Democritus, Parmenides, Pythagoras, Alcmaeon, Philolaus, Diogenes of Apollonia, Plato, Aristotle, and Theophrastus took an active interest in subjects we commonly associate with medicine, such as the anatomy and the physiology of the human body, embryology and reproduction, youth and old age, respiration, the causes of disease and of the effects of food, drink, and drugs on the body".
The medical and health practitioners of the new millennium are greatly indebted to the efforts made by the pioneers like Herophilus (Alexandr2:34 PMia, Egypt), (1) Alcmaeon (500 B.C.
The active (emissionist) theory--that the eyes see by means of the fiery rays which they cast on the external world--is common in early poetry; (28) it is apparent also in the notion that the sun is an all-seeing eye, (29) and finds expression in some scientific optical theories (e.g., those of Alcmaeon of Croton and Euclid).
Philosopher and physician Alcmaeon, disciple of Pythagoras (6th-5th centuries BC), Aristotle and some others did dissections.
(19.) James Longrigg, Greek Rational Medicine: Philosophy and Medicine from Alcmaeon to the Alexandrians (New York: Routledge, 1993), p.
It was the Greek philosopher and physician Alcmaeon who popularized the theory that the brain perceives sensation and is responsible for thought and memory--reminiscent of the mind-body connection we still talk about today.