Now, the best tragedies are founded on the story of a few houses, on the fortunes of Alcmaeon
, Oedipus, Orestes, Meleager, Thyestes, Telephus, and those others who have done or suffered something terrible.
of Croton's observations on health, brain, mind, and soul.
386): "[...] Empedocles, Democritus, Parmenides, Pythagoras, Alcmaeon
, Philolaus, Diogenes of Apollonia, Plato, Aristotle, and Theophrastus took an active interest in subjects we commonly associate with medicine, such as the anatomy and the physiology of the human body, embryology and reproduction, youth and old age, respiration, the causes of disease and of the effects of food, drink, and drugs on the body".
The medical and health practitioners of the new millennium are greatly indebted to the efforts made by the pioneers like Herophilus (Alexandr2:34 PMia, Egypt), (1) Alcmaeon
The active (emissionist) theory--that the eyes see by means of the fiery rays which they cast on the external world--is common in early poetry; (28) it is apparent also in the notion that the sun is an all-seeing eye, (29) and finds expression in some scientific optical theories (e.g., those of Alcmaeon
of Croton and Euclid).
Philosopher and physician Alcmaeon
, disciple of Pythagoras (6th-5th centuries BC), Aristotle and some others did dissections.
. In The Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy.
(19.) James Longrigg, Greek Rational Medicine: Philosophy and Medicine from Alcmaeon
to the Alexandrians (New York: Routledge, 1993), p.
It was the Greek philosopher and physician Alcmaeon
who popularized the theory that the brain perceives sensation and is responsible for thought and memory--reminiscent of the mind-body connection we still talk about today.