Alcmaeonidae

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Alcmaeonidae

(ălk'mēŏ`nĭdē), Athenian family powerful in the 7th, 6th, and 5th cent. B.C. Blamed for the murder of the followers of the would-be tyrant Cylon (c.632 B.C.), which had been ordered by Megacles, an archon who was a member of the family, they were considered attainted and were exiled. They were again in Athens in the 6th cent. The most prominent members of the family later were CleisthenesCleisthenes,
fl. 510 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was the head of his family, the Alcmaeonidae, after the exile of Hippias, and with Spartan help had made himself undisputed ruler of Athens by 506 B.C.
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, PericlesPericles
, c.495–429 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was a member of the Alcmaeonidae family through his mother, a niece of Cleisthenes. He first came to prominence as an opponent of the Areopagus (462) and as one of the prosecutors of Cimon, whom he replaced in influence.
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 (whose mother was an Alcmaeonid), and AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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References in periodicals archive ?
37) French 1984 has (unconvincingly) linked the process of land-restitution to the readmission of the Alcmaeonids to Attica; but see Foxhall 1997.
A faint foreshadowing of it may be seen in the story that at the time of the battle of Marathon the Alcmaeonids by showing a shield signalled to the Persian fleet that it should sail round Sunium and seize Athens, and there are other instances of shields used as signals.
30) Within the historical period Herodotus accepts that a flashing shield was used to give a signal to the Persians at Marathon, but he cannot believe that the Alcmaeonids were the men responsible, because the former tyrant Hippias was with the Persians and Herodotus has been persuaded that the Alcmaeonids were always opposed to the tyrants.
New evidence can prove him wrong even on a point where previously there had been no reason to suspect that he was wrong: a fragment of the Athenian list of archons published in 1939 showed that Cleisthenes was archon in 525/4 and that the Alcmaeonids therefore cannot have been in exile for the whole of the tyranny.
When Pisistratus triumphed, they had been faced with the awkward choice of retiring like the Alcmaeonid family into exile or of remaining to kiss the rod.
152) but doubtless much in excess of what mere kings received, an age when an Alcmaeonid could return from a visit to Sardis a very much richer man (Hdt.