Alcmaeonidae

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Alcmaeonidae

(ălk'mēŏ`nĭdē), Athenian family powerful in the 7th, 6th, and 5th cent. B.C. Blamed for the murder of the followers of the would-be tyrant Cylon (c.632 B.C.), which had been ordered by Megacles, an archon who was a member of the family, they were considered attainted and were exiled. They were again in Athens in the 6th cent. The most prominent members of the family later were CleisthenesCleisthenes,
fl. 510 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was the head of his family, the Alcmaeonidae, after the exile of Hippias, and with Spartan help had made himself undisputed ruler of Athens by 506 B.C.
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, PericlesPericles
, c.495–429 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was a member of the Alcmaeonidae family through his mother, a niece of Cleisthenes. He first came to prominence as an opponent of the Areopagus (462) and as one of the prosecutors of Cimon, whom he replaced in influence.
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 (whose mother was an Alcmaeonid), and AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alcmaeonids with the fall of the Peisistratids rather than Harmodious
(37) French 1984 has (unconvincingly) linked the process of land-restitution to the readmission of the Alcmaeonids to Attica; but see Foxhall 1997.
A faint foreshadowing of it may be seen in the story that at the time of the battle of Marathon the Alcmaeonids by showing a shield signalled to the Persian fleet that it should sail round Sunium and seize Athens, and there are other instances of shields used as signals.(66) The limitations of signalling are hinted at by Aeneas Tacticus, who says that scouting parties should have some swift runners that they may report `whatever cannot be made dear by signals'.(67) Of all these possibilities fire signals by night seem to offer the only practicable method for spies, and the precautions ordered about lights would indicate that they were used.
148--51, suggests that the Alcmaeonids did not go into exile at all under the tyranny, but I think that is excessive scepticism.
When Pisistratus triumphed, they had been faced with the awkward choice of retiring like the Alcmaeonid family into exile or of remaining to kiss the rod.