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(ălk`mən), fl. 620 B.C., Greek lyric poet of Sparta. He was the earliest writer of Dorian choral poetry whose work has survived. Short choral fragments and a longer one (part of a parthenion or choir song for girls) are extant. His verse, simple, clear, and musical, was often sung at festivals.


See his Partheneion (ed. by D. L. Page, 1951); Archilochos, Sappho, Alkman (tr. by G. Davenport, 1980).



an ancient Greek poet who lived in Sparta during the second half of the seventh century B.C.

Alcman was the author of parthenia (maiden songs), one of which was discovered in 1855. Within a mythic framework such songs included praise to the maiden choruses participating in cult competitions. Only fragments remain of Alcman’s hymns to the gods and nuptial poems. One of these served as the basis for J. W. Goethe’s poem, “Über alien Gipfeln ist Ruh,” and M. Iu. Lermontov’s “Gornye vershiny” (Mountain Peaks).


[Fragments] in Poetae melici graeci. Edited by D. Page. Oxford, 1962.
In Russian translation:
Ellinskie poety. Translated by V. V. Veresaev. [Moscow, 1963.]


Iarkho, V., and K. Polonskaia. Antichnaia lirika. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Greek Lyric Poetry: A Commentary on Selected Larger Pieces: Alcman, Stesichorus, Sappho, Alcaeus, Ibycus, Anacreon, Simonides, Bacchylides, Pindar, Sophocles, Euripides.
A maxima lembra de perto a dos versos 36-9 do Partenio de Alcman, que, como no epinicio, liga-se a um mito sombrio que contrasta com o presente luminoso da cancao.
aparecen dos poetas que encomian sus sentimien-tos subjetivos de un modo desconocido hasta entonces: Alcman y Mimnermo.
Entre los pocos poetas masculinos que presentan a la mujer desde un angulo "positivo", podriamos mencionar a Alcman y a Alceo.
No one would deny the value of the discussion of Alcman, Sappho, and Spartan institutions and `tribal initiation', but then it is true that everything considered here demands the most serious appraisal.
Alcman, a Spartan poet, refers to Helen's cult at Therapnae (Greek Lyric II, Alcman 7, POxy.
In the Suda lexicon, an encyclopedic dictionary of the 10th or 11th century AD, Alcman is described as a man "of an extremely amorous disposition and the inventor of love poems.
He ventures again back to the Greeks, to the poet Alcman, presented as a prototypical musician "who shapes his imagination both according to the suggestions of the deep psyche and to attentive listening.
Some, as Kappel (1992), have followed Harvey (1955: 172) when he wrote without explaining that "Archilochus (76 D) and Alcman (71 D) prove the antiquity of the banquetpaean".
Each metre is based on patterns created by or associated with Greek poets like Sappho, Alcaeus, Archilochus, Alcman, Asclepiades.
Carson, at least in Men in the Off Hours (2000), not only uses whole poems by Catullus, in linguistically marked "transvestite" manner, but such arcane and truly fragmentary sources as papyrus scraps of Alcman.
Ceremonia nocturna en la que estaban presentes las antorchas: Alcman, Fr 56 Page = F (125) Calame.