delirium tremens

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delirium tremens

(trē`mənz, trĕm`ənz), hallucinatory episodes that may occur during withdrawal from chronic alcoholism, popularly known as the DTs. An episode of delirium tremens is usually preceded by disturbed sleep and irritability, and generally takes several days to develop. The patient may experience sweating and increases in heart rate and body temperature, as well as hallucinations, tremors, and convulsions. In severe cases, delirium tremens may lead to hypothermia, cardiovascular collapse, and death. Delirium tremens can be treated, and even prevented, by the injection of fairly large doses of glucose, thiamine (vitamin B1), and insulin, and the continued administration of fluids (sodium chloride and sodium lactate) and the B vitamins. The condition is related to the abrupt drop in blood alcohol level after drinking ceases. Tranquilizers, sedatives, and anticonvulsants are also used in treatment.

delirium tremens

[di′lir·ē·əm ′trem·ənz]
(medicine)
Delirium associated with tremors, insomnia, and other physical and neurological symptoms frequently following chronic alcoholism.

delirium tremens

a severe psychotic condition occurring in some persons with chronic alcoholism, characterized by delirium, tremor, anxiety, and vivid hallucinations
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: The Percentage of Neurological Complications in Alcoholics Neurological Complications in Alcoholics Number Percentage Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures 57 38.
It was found in the study that alcohol withdrawal seizure was the most common neurological complication seen except in the group with history of alcohol intake for a duration 0-5 years, alcohol hallucinosis was more prevalent.
The participants taking alcohol of around 840 gm/week had alcohol hallucinosis more common as a neurological complication, whereas the prevalence of alcohol hallucinosis and alcohol withdrawal seizure was equally seen in participants with alcohol intake of around 770 gm/week.

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