Alcoholic Fermentation

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Alcoholic Fermentation: Lactic acid fermentation

alcoholic fermentation

[‚al·kə′hȯl·ik ‚fər·mən′tā·shən]
The process by which certain yeasts decompose sugars in the absence of oxygen to form alcohol and carbon dioxide; method for production of ethanol, wine, and beer.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Alcoholic Fermentation


the conversion of carbohydrates into ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide as a result of the action of microorganisms, mainly yeasts of the genus Saccharomyces. Alcoholic fermentation is widely used in the food-processing industry, including the distilling industry. Research on the chemistry of alcoholic fermentation in the second half of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century greatly facilitated the progress of biochemistry in general (seeFERMENTATION).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
YAN correction prior to the start of alcoholic fermentation, as well as avoiding dreaded stuck fermentations accompanied by sudden increases in volatile acidity, minimizes production of reduced sulfur compounds.
Edwards, "Impact of available nitrogen and sugar concentration in musts on alcoholic fermentation and subsequent wine spoilage by Brettanomyces bruxellensis," Food Microbiology, vol.
Aromatic composition of the alcoholic fermentations was determined using the HS-SPME-GC (Head Space-Solid Phase Micro Extraction-Gas Chromatography) technique.
Discuss the three major products of alcoholic fermentation and explain their significance in the winemaking process.
Ethanol and urea released by yeast cells during alcoholic fermentation are the major precursors for EC in wine.
These eight papers from international contributors cover such issues as phenolic compounds, toxic metals in foods of animal origin, alcoholic fermentation stabilized by pulsed electric light fields and sulfur dioxide, the chemistry of defective coffee beans, the stability of tomato carotenoids during processing and storage, and the promise of protease from the intestine of the smooth hound fish which is oxidant-stable and has a with low molecular weight.
For example, lactic fermentation is used to make cheese, butter, and some yogurts; acetic fermentation is used to produce vinegar from wine; and alcoholic fermentation is used to produce alcohol, cider, beer, and a number of other products.
Shoyu, although a modern-day brewed soy sauce with a balanced taste, is sharper than Tamari due to the difference in raw materials and a stronger alcoholic fermentation. Nonbrewed has a strong, unbalanced taste; a salty aftertaste; and is completely unlike Tamari and modern-day brewed soy sauce.With 37 percent more protein, Tamari also has unique flavor-enhancing qualities and can be used as a substitute for salt, reducing sodium content without compromising taste.
Wine said it was not until the invention of the microscope followed by the pioneering scientific work of Louis Pasteur in the late 1860s that yeast was identified as a living organism and the agent responsible for alcoholic fermentation and dough leaving.
ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION The process by which yeast (see) turns sugar into carbon dioxide (C02) and alcohol.
Alcoholic fermentation: The process by which yeast turns sugar into carbon dioxide (C02) and alcohol.