Leopold, Aldo

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Leopold, Aldo,

1886–1948, American ecologist, b. Burlington, Iowa. He was an advocate for a "land ethic," in which humans see themselves as part of a natural community. After work in the U.S. Forest Service, he taught wildlife management at the Univ. of Wisconsin and helped found the Wilderness Society. In 1924, he succeeded in having the Gila National Forest in N.Mex. designated as the first extensive wilderness area in the United States. He wrote A Sand County Almanac (1949), which helped provide the impetus to the environmental movement.

Bibliography

See studies by C. Meine (1989) and T. Tanner, ed. (1989).

Leopold, (Rand) Aldo

(1887–1948) conservationist, ecologist; born in Burlington, Iowa. He grew up a sportsman and a naturalist, graduated from Yale in 1908, and after a year in Yale's forestry school, joined the U.S. Forest Service. Assigned to the Arizona-New Mexico district, he spent 15 years in the field, rising to chief of the district. By 1921 he had begun to campaign for the preservation of wildlife areas for recreational and aesthetic purposes. (In 1924 the government, adopting his views on preservation, set aside 574,000 acres in New Mexico as the Gila Wilderness Area—the first of 78 such areas totaling 14,000,000 acres.) He was with the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory from 1924–28 and then spent three years surveying game populations in the north-central states. In 1933 he became professor of wildlife management at the University of Wisconsin, a position created specifically for him. Over the years, in addition to his pioneering research in game management, he worked out a philosophical concept he called "the land ethic." The concept, he wrote, "simply enlarges the boundaries of the (human) community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively the land." After retiring from the university he bought a farm in the Wisconsin Dells. There, after several years of intense observation, he expanded his philosophy in a book, A Sand County Almanac (published posthumously in 1949), which became the "bible" of environmental activists of the 1960s and 1970s. He died of a heart attack while fighting a brush fire on a neighbor's farm.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Shack" as his family knew it, was purchased by Aldo Leopold in 1935 as part of an abandoned farm and became Leopold's home in the wild and the setting for A Sand County Almanac, one of this country's most outstanding pieces of nature writing.
of Wisconsin-La Crosse) analyzes the works of five Midwestern pastoralists: Willa Cather, Aldo Leopold, Theodore Roethke, James Wright and Jim Harrison.
Delcourt's skill in the disciplines of research and her ability to envision the meanings of her findings for the future are in the best traditions of scientists such as Rachel Carson and Aldo Leopold.
Great writers give the world more than words; they offer a new way of seeing, and that's the enduring legacy of American naturalist Aldo Leopold.
Member Penelope Purdy of The Denver Post is the fifth winner of the Aldo Leopold Award for Distinguished Editorial Writing.
This wits the basement of the man Aldo Leopold called "our predecessor the bootlegger, who hated this farm, skinned it of residual fertility, burned its farmhouse, threw it back into the lap of the county (with delinquent faxes to boot), and then disappeared among the landless anonymities of the Great Depression.
On the other hand, naturalist Aldo Leopold suggested the reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone in the 1940s, but when E first reported on it in 1992, they still hadn't been returned to roam the Lamar Valley.
The conservation agenda that Aldo Leopold described in his Sand County Almanac still rings true today.
In Wisconsin in the 1940s, Aldo Leopold and his colleagues searched the roadsides and railway rights-of-way throughout the Midwest for native grasses that had escaped the plows and cultivators of the farms.
McCabe entitled simply Aldo Leopold, the Professor," as most of his students seem to have called him.
Even with characters who, like Aldo Leopold, might have considered themselves pragmatic people, the author goes out of his way to highlight their idealism and moral bravery.
David Cole is a retired scientist of the Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute, Montana.