Leopold, Aldo

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Leopold, Aldo,

1886–1948, American ecologist, b. Burlington, Iowa. He was an advocate for a "land ethic," in which humans see themselves as part of a natural community. After work in the U.S. Forest Service, he taught wildlife management at the Univ. of Wisconsin and helped found the Wilderness Society. In 1924, he succeeded in having the Gila National Forest in N.Mex. designated as the first extensive wilderness area in the United States. He wrote A Sand County Almanac (1949), which helped provide the impetus to the environmental movement.

Bibliography

See studies by C. Meine (1989) and T. Tanner, ed. (1989).

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Leopold, (Rand) Aldo

(1887–1948) conservationist, ecologist; born in Burlington, Iowa. He grew up a sportsman and a naturalist, graduated from Yale in 1908, and after a year in Yale's forestry school, joined the U.S. Forest Service. Assigned to the Arizona-New Mexico district, he spent 15 years in the field, rising to chief of the district. By 1921 he had begun to campaign for the preservation of wildlife areas for recreational and aesthetic purposes. (In 1924 the government, adopting his views on preservation, set aside 574,000 acres in New Mexico as the Gila Wilderness Area—the first of 78 such areas totaling 14,000,000 acres.) He was with the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory from 1924–28 and then spent three years surveying game populations in the north-central states. In 1933 he became professor of wildlife management at the University of Wisconsin, a position created specifically for him. Over the years, in addition to his pioneering research in game management, he worked out a philosophical concept he called "the land ethic." The concept, he wrote, "simply enlarges the boundaries of the (human) community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively the land." After retiring from the university he bought a farm in the Wisconsin Dells. There, after several years of intense observation, he expanded his philosophy in a book, A Sand County Almanac (published posthumously in 1949), which became the "bible" of environmental activists of the 1960s and 1970s. He died of a heart attack while fighting a brush fire on a neighbor's farm.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Individuals must also adopt a water ethic as a philosophy in the sense of Aldo Leopold's land ethic.
This includes a 100-acre organic farm, Lake Aldo Leopold, 155 acres of prairies, wetlands, trails, and pastures for the cooperatively managed stable.
Bailey offers a rich and enriching variety of perspectives on an interesting array of topics, returning always to his fundamental belief that conservation pioneers such as John Muir, Theodore Roosevelt, and Aldo Leopold had it right when they affirmed Walt Whitman's observation that "the secret of making the best person ...
"The whole way of teaching the science courses are different now than we did in the past."<br />With the help of Bray Architects, the school's newly renovated and expanded STEM Center is now a centerpiece of the campus and the community.<br />The $5.7 million project which received assistance from the city, county and donors included extensive renovations to the existing Aldo Leopold Science Building and the construction of the new 17,000-square-foot Everett Roehl STEM Center.<br />The existing building presented safety concerns, with extension cords strewn throughout classrooms, no bathroom on the second floor and a small elevator that could barely fit a wheelchair, Boernke said.
The award, presented in honor of conservationist Aldo Leopold, recognizes achievement in voluntary conservation by ranchers, farmers and foresters in 13 states.
In this thoughtful, accessible narrative for general readers and students, evolutionary biologist and environmental educator Scott Freeman (biology, University of Washington) draws on the ideas of his wifeAEs grandfather, wildlife biologist Aldo Leopold, whose 1949 book A Sand County Almanac outlined the new concept of environmental stewardship.
Thirty-five years later Aldo Leopold writes of a monument to commemorate the passenger pigeon: "It symbolizes our sorrow.
Collaboratively compiled and co-edited by Curt Meine (a conservation biologist and writer affiliated with the Aldo Leopold Foundation, Center for Humans and Nature, International Crane Foundation, and University of Wisconsin-Madison) and Keefe keeley (executive director of the Savanna Institute), "The Driftless Reader" is a compendium of writings that highlight the unique natural and cultural history, landscape, and literature of this region that encompasses southwestern Wisconsin and adjacent Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois.
In the tradition and spirit of Aldo Leopold's A Sand County Almanac, Saving Tarboo Creek describes the long, patient process of restoring a natural landscape to its original healthy state, modeling both ecology restoration and personal relationship with nature.
In the spirit of challenging dominant paradigms and discourses, Ben Dixon offers a reinterpretation of Aldo Leopold's work.
Hunting is supposed to be a challenge, as Aldo Leopold so accurately stated it.
She often gets a mention for having been the only female wildlife management graduate student of Aldo Leopold, the father of wildlife management in the U.S.