Ulisse Aldrovandi

(redirected from Aldrovandus)

Aldrovandi, Ulisse

 

Born Sept. 11, 1522; died May 10, 1605. Italian naturalist.

Aldrovandi founded a botanical garden and a botanical museum in Bologna. In his works on natural history, among them Ornithology (vols. 1–3, 1599–1603) and On Insects (1602), he described many animals previously unknown, mainly exotic species. He revived interest in Aristotle’s works on biology and contributed to the development of embryology.

References in classic literature ?
For Pliny tells us of whales that embraced acres of living bulk, and Aldrovandus of others which measured eight hundred feet in length --Rope Walks and Thames Tunnels of Whales
A year later, Ulysses Aldrovandus, an Italian, introduced a few taxonomic innovations of his own.
Aldrovandus, De Quadrupedibus Digitatis Vivparis and Monstrorum (Bologna, 1616), cited in Ramona and Desdmond Morris, Men and Apes (London: McGraw Hill, 1966), 60.
For Pliny tells us of Whales that embraced acres of living bulk, and Aldrovandus of others which measured eight hundred feet in length--Rope Walks and Thames Tunnels of Whales
MAMMALIA Precedentes: Gesnerus, Aldrovandus, Jonstonus Praesentis: Rajas, Brisson, Houttinus AVES Veterum: Bellonius, 1557, Gesnerus 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, Novas Marcgravio, 1648, Willugby 1676, Rajo 1713, Marsiglius 1726 Recentiores ilustradores: Frischius 1734, Albinus 1731, Catesby, 1731, Edwards 1745 PISCES Practici: Bellonius 1552, Rondeletius 1554, Salvianus 1554, Gesnerus 1558, Aldrovandus 1605, Willugbaeus 1685, Rajas 1710, Seba, 1760 Teoretici: Artedi
Robert Gemmett explains that Beckford was so provoked by the housekeeper's mistaken attributions of paintings when showing the house that he devised his imaginary accounts of Aldrovandus Magnus, Og of Basan, Sucrewasser of Vienna, and other imaginary masters, full of picturesque, unlikely and extravagant detail (Beckford 12-14).
Such goods were to be found in the museum of Aldrovandus at Bologna which Browne described as "the greatest collection of naturall things that I have seen.
Finally, in bringing this chapter to a close, two other books should be mentioned, those by Caesius of Modena and by Aldrovandus of Bologna.
But Aldrovandus employed the word, in some manuscript notes and in his will, essentially in the modern sense, at least as early as 1605, the year in which he died.
Aldrovandus himself published nothing about "Geologia," but some forty years after his death, Bartholomeus Ambrosinus compiled from the material left by Aldrovandus the great folio volume bearing the title: Ulyssis Aldrovandi Patricii Bononiensis Musaeum Metallicum in Libros IIII distributum Bartholomaeus Ambrosinus .
The great compiler Aldrovandus, in his Museum Metallicum, delivered a system of mineralogy extracted from the writings of Agricola, Cardan, and Caesalpinus.
Following this is a detailed discussion (presumably by Hebenstreit) of the development of natural history collecting and systematic mineralogy or mineral classification, drawing on authorities and works then available (Pliny, Dioscorides, Aldrovandus, Henkel, Agricola, Gesner, Woodward, Linnaeus, Theophrastus, Caesalpinus, Mercati, etc.