Ulisse Aldrovandi

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aldrovandi, Ulisse

 

Born Sept. 11, 1522; died May 10, 1605. Italian naturalist.

Aldrovandi founded a botanical garden and a botanical museum in Bologna. In his works on natural history, among them Ornithology (vols. 1–3, 1599–1603) and On Insects (1602), he described many animals previously unknown, mainly exotic species. He revived interest in Aristotle’s works on biology and contributed to the development of embryology.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
For Pliny tells us of whales that embraced acres of living bulk, and Aldrovandus of others which measured eight hundred feet in length --Rope Walks and Thames Tunnels of Whales!
A year later, Ulysses Aldrovandus, an Italian, introduced a few taxonomic innovations of his own.
Aldrovandus, De Quadrupedibus Digitatis Vivparis and Monstrorum (Bologna, 1616), cited in Ramona and Desdmond Morris, Men and Apes (London: McGraw Hill, 1966), 60.
For Pliny tells us of Whales that embraced acres of living bulk, and Aldrovandus of others which measured eight hundred feet in length--Rope Walks and Thames Tunnels of Whales!
Robert Gemmett explains that Beckford was so provoked by the housekeeper's mistaken attributions of paintings when showing the house that he devised his imaginary accounts of Aldrovandus Magnus, Og of Basan, Sucrewasser of Vienna, and other imaginary masters, full of picturesque, unlikely and extravagant detail (Beckford 12-14).
Such goods were to be found in the museum of Aldrovandus at Bologna which Browne described as "the greatest collection of naturall things that I have seen."(31)
Finally, in bringing this chapter to a close, two other books should be mentioned, those by Caesius of Modena and by Aldrovandus of Bologna.
Aldrovandus was one of the most renowned naturalists of the sixteenth century and occupied the chair of Natural History in the University of Bologna.
But Aldrovandus employed the word, in some manuscript notes and in his will, essentially in the modern sense, at least as early as 1605, the year in which he died.
Aldrovandus himself published nothing about "Geologia," but some forty years after his death, Bartholomeus Ambrosinus compiled from the material left by Aldrovandus the great folio volume bearing the title: Ulyssis Aldrovandi Patricii Bononiensis Musaeum Metallicum in Libros IIII distributum Bartholomaeus Ambrosinus .
The great compiler Aldrovandus, in his Museum Metallicum, delivered a system of mineralogy extracted from the writings of Agricola, Cardan, and Caesalpinus.
Following this is a detailed discussion (presumably by Hebenstreit) of the development of natural history collecting and systematic mineralogy or mineral classification, drawing on authorities and works then available (Pliny, Dioscorides, Aldrovandus, Henkel, Agricola, Gesner, Woodward, Linnaeus, Theophrastus, Caesalpinus, Mercati, etc.)