Alec Douglas-Home


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Douglas-Home, Alec

 

Born July 2, 1903, in London. British statesman. Descended from an aristocratic Scottish family.

Douglas-Home received his education at Eton and Oxford. In 1931 he was elected to the House of Commons as a member of the Conservative Party. From 1937 to 1939 he served as parliamentary private secretary to Prime Minister N. Chamberlain. In 1938 he took part in the Conference of Munich, which concluded with the signing of the Munich Pact of 1938, after which he accompanied Chamberlain on a trip to Rome for negotiations with Mussolini. In 1951, after inheriting the title of earl of Home, he entered the House of Lords.

Douglas-Home held a number of important ministerial posts in the governments of Churchill and Macmillan. From 1955 to 1960 he was commonwealth relations secretary, and from 1960 to 1963, foreign secretary. From 1957 to 1960 he was also the leader of the House of Lords. From 1963 to 1965, Douglas-Home was the leader of the Conservative Party, and in 1963-64 he was prime minister. Upon accepting the latter post, he renounced his title of lord and was elected again to the House of Commons. From 1970 to 1974 he was foreign secretary and commonwealth relations secretary in the government of E. Heath.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fifty years ago, the then Prime Minister, Harold MacMillan resigned and imposed Sir Alec Douglas-Home on the people as his successor.
Author and journalist Jamie Douglas-Home, nephew of former prime minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home, writes that the grandstand has "as much atmosphere as a Glasgow railway station on a rainy day" and that the paddock is "so featureless it made the moon's Sea of Tranquility look interesting".
It had been passed down through the Douglas family to Sir Alec Douglas-Home of the Hirsel, the former Prime Minister.
Britain was more used to the sombre tones of Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home.
Mitchell describes the domestic industrial policy of the British Conservative Party from 1945 to 1964, through the administrations of Harold Macmillan and Alec Douglas-Home.
22, 1961, Foreign Secretary Alec Douglas-Home said in a letter, marked ''top secret,'' to Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and Defense Minister Harold Watkinson that ''nuclear strikes against China would be the only alternative to complete abandonment of the colony.
Next time, in 1967, after Sir Alec Douglas-Home resigned, there was a ballot of MPs.
Harold Wilson was the first prime minister to make effective use of television and his (narrow) general election victory in 1964 has been attributed to his ease with the medium in contrast to Conservative leader Sir Alec Douglas-Home.
When faced with calls for his resignation from the diplomatic service he exercised his right to argue his case in front of one of his accusers before the then Foreign Secretary, Sir Alec Douglas-Home.
The Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Labour leader Harold Wilson cut their summer holidays short to deal with the crisis.
In a note to prime minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home, cabinet secretary Sir Burke Trend raised the delicate issue of his brother.
1963: Sir Alec Douglas-Home (pictured) succeeded Harold Macmillan as prime minister.