Alecu Russo

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Russo, Alecu


Born Mar. 17 (29), 1819, in Kishinev (?); died Feb. 4(16), 1859, in Jassy. Moldavian and Rumanian writer.

Russo studied in Switzerland and Vienna. Upon returning to his native land, he joined the democratic movement. In the nonextant comedy Jignicerul Vadrà (staged 1846) he derided outdated mores. Russo took part in the revolutionary events of 1848 in Moldavia and Transylvania. His chief work was the lyrical and publicistic prose poem Ode to Rumania (1850), devoted to the hard lot of the common people and their aspirations for freedom. The sketches “Linden Cliff” and “Soveja” attacked vestiges of feudalism in Moldavia. Russo’s articles “Folk Poetry” (1846), “Moldavian Sketch” (1851), and “Meditations” (1855) affirmed the social purpose of literature. Russo was one of the first to collect Moldavian folklore.


Scrieri. Bucharest, 1908.
Opere. Kishinev, 1967.
In Russian translation: Izbrannoe. Kishinev, 1959.


Vasilenko, I. Aleku Russo: Zhizn’i tvorchestvo. Kishinev, 1967.
Dima, A. Alecu Russo. Bucharest, 1957.
Shpak, I. Aleku Russo: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel’. Kishinev, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Sentant l'immense disparite entre les deux cultures, celle populaire et celle cosmopolite de la bourgeoisie, Alecu Russo propose une solution unique: celle de la regeneration de la culture roumaine moderne sur des bases folkloriques << la litterature populaire doit etre a la base de la nouvelle litterature roumaine, la langue de celle-ci doit se developper naturellement de la langue de la poesie populaire >> (22) L'attitude romantique envers le folklore a des racines profondes dans l'epoque illuministe et a le merite de donner une signification culturelle majeure au terme de poesie populaire.
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