Che Guevara

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Che Guevara
Ernesto Guevara
BirthplaceRosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
Physician, author, government official

Guevara, Che

(Ernesto Guevara) (chā gāvä`rä, ārnĕs`tō), 1928–67, Cuban revolutionary and political leader, b. Argentina. Trained as a physician at the Univ. of Buenos Aires, he took part (1952) in riots against the dictator Juan PerónPerón, Juan Domingo
, 1895–1974, president of Argentina (1946–55; 1973–74). Early Career and First Presidency

An army officer, Perón was the leader of a group of colonels that rose to prominence after the overthrow of the government
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 in Argentina, joined agitators in Bolivia, and worked in a leper colony. In 1953 he went to Guatemala, joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and when Arbenz was overthrown (1954) fled to Mexico, where he met Fidel CastroCastro, Fidel
(Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) , 1926–2016, Cuban revolutionary, premier of Cuba (1959–76), president of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers (1976–2008).
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 and other Cuban rebels. Guevara became Castro's chief lieutenant soon after the rebel invasion of Cuba in 1956, in which he proved to be a resourceful guerrilla leader. As president of the national bank after the fall (Jan., 1959) of Fulgencio BatistaBatista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio
, 1901–73, president of Cuba (1940–44, 1952–59). An army sergeant, Batista took part in the overthrow of Gerardo Machado in 1933 and subsequently headed the military and student junta that ousted Carlos Manuel de
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 he was instrumental in cutting Cuba's traditional ties with the United States and in directing the flow of trade to the Communist bloc. He served (1961–65) as minister of industry. At heart a revolutionary rather than an administrator, he left Cuba in 1965 to foster revolutionary activity in the Congo and other countries. In 1967, directing an ineffective guerrilla movement in Bolivia, he was wounded, captured, and executed by government troops. Guevara wrote Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Man and Socialism in Cuba (1967), Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (1968), and The African Dream (2001), a forthright account of the failed Congo rebellion. His Diary of a Combatant, describing his role in the Cuban revolution, was published in Cuba in 2011.


See his diaries, ed. by R. Scheer (1968) and by D. James (1968); his speeches and writings, ed. by J. Gerassi (1968) and D. Deutschmann (1987); biography by J. L. Anderson (1997); D. James, Che Guevara (1969); M. Ebon, Che: The Making of a Legend (1969); L. J. González and G. A. Sánchez Salazar, The Great Rebel (tr. 1969); R. Harris, Death of a Revolutionary (1970); L. Sauvage, Che Guevara: The Failure of a Revolutionary (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
Debes saber que soy una mezcla entre un aventurero y un burgues, dividido entre el deseo lacerante de una 'casa' y la ansiedad de realizar mis suenos", escribio Guevara a su esposa Aleida March en una carta que le envio el 28 de noviembre de 1965 desde Tanzania.
The film was screened in Havana last January, in the presence of Redford, Che Guevara's widow Aleida March de la Torre and several of their children.
A new 305-page memoir entitled "Self-Portrait: Guevara" offers rare black-and white photographs from the Guevara family album of Che in his mid-30s, disguised as a balding old man with crooked teeth with his wife Aleida March de la Torre.
Hablo con Abel Prieto, entonces presidente de la Union Nacional de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba (UNEAC) y miembro influyente del Buro Politico del PC; con Alfredo Guevara, amigo de Fidel Castro y director del Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematografica (ICAIC), y con Aleida March, segunda esposa del Che, que guarda celosamente los archivos personales del mitico guerrillero.
Lo esperaban ahi Fidel Castro, su amigo y companero de lucha e ideas; su hermano Raul, ministro de las Fuerzas Armadas; Ramiro Valdes, excompanero y colaborador del Che y, entre otros, la familia del guerrillero: su esposa Aleida March, sus hijos Aleida, Celia, Camilo y Ernesto, y sus hermanos Roberto, Martin y Celia.