Aleixandre, Vicente

Aleixandre, Vicente

(vēthĕn`tā älāhän`drā), 1898–1984, Spanish lyric poet. He won the national prize for literature for La destrucción o el amor (1935, tr. 1976) and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1976. His earlier verse, often free in form, is pessimistic and surrealistic. His later verse is marked by realism and then by an increasingly philosophical and meditative tone. Aleixandre's works are collected in Obras completas (1977).


See selected poems tr. by W. Barnstone and D. Garrison (1978) and ed. by L. Hyde (1979); study ed. by S. Daydí-Tolson (1981).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aleixandre, Vicente


Born Apr. 26, 1898, in Seville. Spanish poet.

Aleixandre was strongly influenced by surrealism in his early works. During the national revolutionary war of the Spanish people (1936–39), he published antifascist poems. His books of poems— The Shadow of Paradise (1944), The Last Birth (1953), and Story of the Heart (1954)—are philosophical and lyrical expressions of general human sentiments, nature, and man, in which man is considered part of nature. His memoirs, Encounters (1958), present portraits of contemporary writers. Along with other figures of Spanish culture, he has protested against the terror and censorship of the Franco regime.


Poesías completas. Introduction by C. Bousoño. Madrid, 1960.


Bousoño, C. La poesía de Vicente Aleixandre, 2nd ed. Madrid, 1956.
Celaya, G. Cantata en Aleixandre. Madrid, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aleixandre, Vicente. "A Don Luis de Gongora." Obras completas.